ENGB1 theorists

HideShow resource information
Lakoff
weak expletives, empty adjectives, hedge, tag questions, bilingual`
1 of 17
Holmes
believes that tag questions are actually used by females as a method of being polite
2 of 17
O'Barr and Atikins
the features identified by Lakoff = powerless language
3 of 17
Fishman
females hedge five times more than males
4 of 17
Zimmerman and West
96% of interruptions made by males
5 of 17
Shuttlewood (females)
polite, cooperative, hesitant, talk more, ask questions
6 of 17
Shuttlewood (males)
swear more, dont talk about emotions, insult each other, speak with authority.
7 of 17
Kramer
males swear more
8 of 17
Deborah Tannen
Status vs Support, Independance vs intimacy, advice vs understanding, information vs feelings, orders vs proposals, conflict vs compromise
9 of 17
Power - Fairclough stages
1) synthetic personalisation 2) 'Members resources' 3) building the consumer
10 of 17
Bolinger
use of euphenisms is common in adverts
11 of 17
Coulthard and Sinclair
initiation - response - feedback = common classroom interaction
12 of 17
Goffman
initially discovered the idea of face
13 of 17
Levinson and Brown
built on this with the idea of politeness theories - positive and negative face. Why different types of politeness are used
14 of 17
Levinson and Brown - type of politeness depends on three variables::
social distance + power distance + degree of imposition
15 of 17
Holmes and Stubb (small talk)
believe it is critical in a workplace as it allows mroe powerful participants to exert their power in a friendly manner. - a repressive discourse strategy
16 of 17
Max Atkinson
'claptraps' three most common features of speeches 1) lists of three 2) contrating pairs 3) positive evaluation of audience
17 of 17

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Holmes

Back

believes that tag questions are actually used by females as a method of being polite

Card 3

Front

O'Barr and Atikins

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Fishman

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Zimmerman and West

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all theorists resources »