Encoding

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What is meant by encoding?
The way information is changed so it can be stored in memory; this can be stored visually, acoustically or semantically.
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How is information encoded in the STM?
Acoustically.
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How is information encoded in the LTM?
Semantically.
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What did Baddeley aim to test?
The effects of acoustic and semantic similarity on short term and long term recall.
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How many groups of participants were in Baddeleys study?
4 (A, B, C, D).
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What were groups A and B given?
A - Acoustically similar words. B - Acoustically dissimilar words.
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What were groups C and D given?
C - semantically similar words. D - semantically dissimilar words.
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How many words were read out on each trial?
5
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What were pps asked to do after a time interval?
They were shown 10 words and asked to pick out their 5 words and place them in order.
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What did Baddeley find?
STM: acoustically similar words had the lowest recall. LTM: semantically similar words had the lowest recall.
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What does Baddeley's study suggest?
Words in the STM are encoded acoustically & words in the LTM are encoded semantically.
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What is a criticism of this study?
Artificial stimuli was used.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How is information encoded in the STM?

Back

Acoustically.

Card 3

Front

How is information encoded in the LTM?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Baddeley aim to test?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many groups of participants were in Baddeleys study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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