Elizabethan Foreign Policy 1558-1571

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1558
Catholic France is ascendant, Henry II is one of the two spearheads of the Counter Reformation. He rules on the advice of the Guise brothers.In Scotland, Mary Guise is regent for her daughter who is in France with her husband the dauphin
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1559 -France
Spain and France end decades of warfare with the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis. England is represented at the negotiations as an ally of Spain. French retain Calais, Philip II marries Henry II's daughter. Henry II dies at tournament. Francis II king.I
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1560
To prevent the French restoring power to Mary of Guise in Scotland, Elizabeth sends and army and a fleet. Treaty of Edinburugh signed - French withdraw and Protestantism established. Francis II dies, Charles IX succeeds: a regency Catherine Medici
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1562 - France
Violence breaks out in France between the Catholics and the Huguenots. The French Wars of Religion continue for 30 years. Elizabeth aids Huguenots but they rapidly make peace with Medici and England is driven out of France.
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1563
Trade embargo between England and the Nederlands.
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1567
Philip sends an army under the Duke of Alva to the Nederlands to restore Spanish control. Elizabeth allows the Dutch Sea Beggars to use English harbours from which they can attack Spanish shipping in the Channel.
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1568
On his third voyage to Spanish South America with a cargo of slaves, John Hawkins puts into the harbour of San Juan de Ulua in Mexico. Despite terms made witht he Viceroy of Mexico the Spanish fleet attack Hawkins and he looses four ships and 100 men
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1570-1571
Marriage negotiations begin between Elizabeth and Henry, Duke of Anjou, the younger brother of the French king, Charles IX, take place.
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1572 - France
A mutual defence treaty, the Treaty of Blois, is signed by England and France.
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1559 - Scotland
Scottish Protestant Lords, tired of domination by a foreign Catholic power depose Mary of Guise.
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1562 - Spain
England's trad. frienship with Spain based on cloth trade with the Nederlands begins to decline due to Philip governing the Nederlands as a province of Spain and bypassing its Council of State.
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1562 - Nederlands
Calvinism continues to spread throughout Nederlands, heping to unite the Dutch people against Spanish rule.
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1568 - English retaliation
Two weeks later, Cecil orders bullion to be unloaded from Spanish ships in English ports and the loan from the Genoavese bankers, on its way to Alva, is impounded and taken over by the Queen.
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1568 - Spanish retaliation
Alva retaliates by placing an embargo on all English property and trade in the Nederlands, effectively all trade between England and Spain stops.
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1572 - Nederlands
Elizabeth expels the Dutch Sea Beggars and their subsequent return to the Nederlands causes the Revolt of the Netherlands
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Spain and France end decades of warfare with the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis. England is represented at the negotiations as an ally of Spain. French retain Calais, Philip II marries Henry II's daughter. Henry II dies at tournament. Francis II king.I

Back

1559 -France

Card 3

Front

To prevent the French restoring power to Mary of Guise in Scotland, Elizabeth sends and army and a fleet. Treaty of Edinburugh signed - French withdraw and Protestantism established. Francis II dies, Charles IX succeeds: a regency Catherine Medici

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Violence breaks out in France between the Catholics and the Huguenots. The French Wars of Religion continue for 30 years. Elizabeth aids Huguenots but they rapidly make peace with Medici and England is driven out of France.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Trade embargo between England and the Nederlands.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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