Electrons, Bonding & Structure

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  • Created by: fjhcab
  • Created on: 20-03-16 18:45
s sub-shell
Max electrons 2
1 of 18
p sub-shell
Max electrons 6
2 of 18
d sub-shell
Max electrons 10
3 of 18
f sub-shell
Max electrons 14
4 of 18
Ionic Bond
An electrostatic attraction between 2 oppositely charged ions
5 of 18
Ionic Compounds
Conduct electricity when molten or dissolved, high melting & boiling point, tend to dissolve in water
6 of 18
Covalent Bond
Strong electrostatic attraction between a shared pair of electrons & the nuclei of the bonded atom
7 of 18
2 Electron Pairs Around Central Atom
Linear, 180°
8 of 18
3 Electron Pairs Around Central Atom
Trigonal Planar, 120°
9 of 18
4 Electron Pairs Around Central Atom- No Lone Pairs
Tetrahedral, 109.5°
10 of 18
4 Electron Pairs Around Central Atom- 1 Lone Pair
Trigonal Pyramidal, 107°
11 of 18
4 Electron Pairs Around Central Atom- 2 Lone Pair
No linear/Bent, 104.5°
12 of 18
5 Electron Pairs Around Central Atom
Trigonal Bipyramidal, 120° & 90°
13 of 18
6 Electron Pairs Around Central Atom
Octahedral, 90°
14 of 18
Electronegativity
An atoms ability to attract the electron pair in a covalent bond
15 of 18
Induced Dipole-Dipole Forces
Electrons in cloud charges always move so are likely to be at one side creating temporary dipole. This causes another temporary dipole
16 of 18
Permanent Dipole-Dipole Interactions
Caused by polarity
17 of 18
Hydrogen Bonding
Only happens when H is covalently bonded to F,N or O. Due to polarity
18 of 18

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

p sub-shell

Back

Max electrons 6

Card 3

Front

d sub-shell

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

f sub-shell

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Ionic Bond

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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