Electoral Systems Examples

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Pluarility System
First Past the Post - general elections and elections to the House of Commons
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Majoritarian System
Supplementary Vote - Mayor of London and other directly elected mayors
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Proportional System
Closed Regional List - elections to European Parliament. Single Transferable Vote - local government elections in Scotland, Northern Irish elections to the European Parliament, local parliament and to the Assembly
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First Past the Post
2010: Conservatives won 17% of vote in Scotland but only 1 seat, Labour won 2/58 seats in eastern England on 20% of the vote and Lib Dems polled 21% but got no seats in the East Midlands
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First Past the Post Winner's Bonus
1983: 397 seats to Conservative and 209 for Labour as a result of winner's bonus, little difference in percentage
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Direct Democracy
Referendums in the UK and town meetings in New England and in Switzerland (Switzerland's use is closest to original Athenian model)
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Indirect Democracy
Presidential elections in the US, general elections in the UK and elections in France
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Referendums
1975: UK voted to remain in the EEC (now the EU). This is the only UK-wide referendum. 1997: Wales voted for Welsh assembly (50.3%-49.7%) turnout was 50.1%. 1998: London voted for a mayor and assembly (72%-28%) turnout was 34%
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Initiatives
California's Preposition 8 (2008) banned same-sex marriage and in 2010 it was proposed to legalise cannabis. This required 434,000 votes (5% of total votes cast in last election for state governor). This was put to ballot in November 2010.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Supplementary Vote - Mayor of London and other directly elected mayors

Back

Majoritarian System

Card 3

Front

Closed Regional List - elections to European Parliament. Single Transferable Vote - local government elections in Scotland, Northern Irish elections to the European Parliament, local parliament and to the Assembly

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

2010: Conservatives won 17% of vote in Scotland but only 1 seat, Labour won 2/58 seats in eastern England on 20% of the vote and Lib Dems polled 21% but got no seats in the East Midlands

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1983: 397 seats to Conservative and 209 for Labour as a result of winner's bonus, little difference in percentage

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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