Electoral Systems

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Single Transferable Vote
Candidates don't need a majority of votes to be elected, just a known 'quota', or share of the votes, determined by the size of the electorate and the number of positions to be filled. Each voter gets one vote.
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Additional Member System
AMS is a hybrid voting system. It combines elements of First Past the Post where voters mark an X next to the candidate they want to represent them in their constituency, and proportional representation, where voters select from a list of candidates
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Alternative Vote
The Alternative Vote (AV) is a preferential system where the voter has the chance to rank the candidates in order of preference by putting a '1' next to their favourite, and a '2' next to the second favourite etc.
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First Past The Post
Under First Past The Post (FPTP) voting takes place in single-member constituencies. Voters put a cross in a box next to their favoured candidate and the candidate with the most votes in the constituency wins. All other votes count for nothing.
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Supplementary Vote
The Supplementary Vote (SV) is a shortened version of the Alternative Vote (AV). Under SV, there are two columns on the ballot paper – one for voters to mark their first choice and one in which to mark a second choice.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

AMS is a hybrid voting system. It combines elements of First Past the Post where voters mark an X next to the candidate they want to represent them in their constituency, and proportional representation, where voters select from a list of candidates

Back

Additional Member System

Card 3

Front

The Alternative Vote (AV) is a preferential system where the voter has the chance to rank the candidates in order of preference by putting a '1' next to their favourite, and a '2' next to the second favourite etc.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Under First Past The Post (FPTP) voting takes place in single-member constituencies. Voters put a cross in a box next to their favoured candidate and the candidate with the most votes in the constituency wins. All other votes count for nothing.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The Supplementary Vote (SV) is a shortened version of the Alternative Vote (AV). Under SV, there are two columns on the ballot paper – one for voters to mark their first choice and one in which to mark a second choice.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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