Egyptian Medicine

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 28-12-13 13:26
how long did the Egyptian period last?
3,000 years
1 of 27
What was the main change from Pre-Historic times?
Writing - Hieroglyphics
2 of 27
How did Hieroglyphics help medicine?
It enabled people to write books on symptoms, cures, treatments and observations
3 of 27
Name the Two books which have lasted from Egyptian Times
The Papyrus Ebers & The Papyrus Edwin Smith
4 of 27
Was there a hierarchy in this period?
yes. Pharohs were at the top and peasants were at the bottom
5 of 27
How were peasants treated?
They were poor and had to work the land. There way of life was much more basic than a pharoh
6 of 27
What common jobs were there?
Scribes, stone masons, priests, lawyers, doctors & painters
7 of 27
What were doctors like?
They followed advice in books and wrote down symptoms, observations, treatments and kept records and passed them on to improve knowledge. They had a knowledge of cures but not causes.
8 of 27
What were medical beliefs like?
Very much spiritual base with some physical causes as well
9 of 27
How did religion impact Egyptian medicine?
Believed in many gods who 'caused everything to happen'. No disection was allowed because of theories into the afterlife
10 of 27
How did mummification help medicine in the Egyptian era?
It helped Anatomy as they knew were organs were located.
11 of 27
Describe the Mummification process...
They soaked the bodies in liquids and salts, covered them in oils, cut out major organs and wrapped the bodies in bandages.
12 of 27
Why did the Egyptians cut out the major organs in Mummification?
Because they would rot inside the body
13 of 27
What is meant by embalming?
The mummification process
14 of 27
Name a spiritual cure to medicine
Driving away spirits/Drinking minerals, herbs or animal parts.
15 of 27
Name Physical cures
Inhaling steam to get rid of chest infections/Skin infections were covered in ointments/purges to unblock the bowel/vomiting to clear blockages/bleeding to release blockages in vessels
16 of 27
How did the River Nile help the way of life in Egypt?
It made the land fertile and easy to farm on, It provided good amounts of water, it allowed boats to go up and down to help build and create trade & money, People used it to wash and keep clean in.
17 of 27
How did the River Nile help medicine?
An anology was made that the river nile and its many streams could be similar to the human body's blood system. This helped with understanding the human anatomy.
18 of 27
What Minor operations were carried out in Egyptian times?
Removal of cysts and tumors
19 of 27
Was the surgical recovery rate good?
Yes people recovered quickly
20 of 27
Why did people recover quickly after surgery in the Egyptian era?
The Egyptians used willow leaves to heal and treat surgical wounds and willow is a form of antiseptic which would prevent infection.
21 of 27
What was public health like?
Good people liked to keep clean
22 of 27
How did religion improve public health?
Priests washed more often than normal people this shows there was a religious background to keeping clean.
23 of 27
What were the improvements in public health from earlier periods in history?
They had basic toilets, shaved there heads, washed clothes, bathed, water drainage systems and had mosquito nets
24 of 27
Did they have sewers?
No they used all there manure on the farms.
25 of 27
What factors improved medicine in the Egyptian era?
Religion, Technology (Farming)
26 of 27
What Factors hindered medicine in the Egyptian era?
Religion
27 of 27

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the main change from Pre-Historic times?

Back

Writing - Hieroglyphics

Card 3

Front

How did Hieroglyphics help medicine?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name the Two books which have lasted from Egyptian Times

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Was there a hierarchy in this period?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Medicine through time (OCR History A) resources »