Effects of Childhood and Adolescence

Summary of case studies - AO1 and AO2

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Shaver et al (1988)
Romantic love is experienced through internal working model which is set up during infancy
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Bowlby (1969)
Later relationships are a likely continuation of early attachement styles
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Qualter and Munn (2005)
Shown that children learn from their experiences with other children - develop sense of their own value
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Nangle et al (2003)
Claimed children's friendships are training grounds for important adult relationships
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Kirkpatrick and Hazan (1994)
Found relationship break-ups were associated with shift from secure to insecure attachment
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Berenson and Anderson (2006)
Supports claim that abused children had hard time developing adult relationships - but only negative with people who resembled abusive parent
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Fraley (1998)
Meta Analysis of studies finding correlations of .10 to .50 between early attachment type and later relationships
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Richard and Schneider (2005)
Found girls have more intimate friendships than boys (GENDER DIFFERENCES)
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Erwin (1993)
Found that boy's relationships tend to be more competitive whereas girls more likely to engage in cooperative sharing activities
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Suomi and Harlow (1978)
Established rhesus monkeys reared with adequate adult but inadequate peer contact later displayed inappropiate social/sexual behaviour as adults - longer denied social oppurtunities, more extreme social inadequacies as adults
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Simpson et al (2007)
25yr longitudinal study using 78pp, were studied at 4 key points (infancy, early childhood, adolescence and adulthood), findings supported claim that early childhood impacted later romantic relationships
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Card 2

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Later relationships are a likely continuation of early attachement styles

Back

Bowlby (1969)

Card 3

Front

Shown that children learn from their experiences with other children - develop sense of their own value

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Claimed children's friendships are training grounds for important adult relationships

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Found relationship break-ups were associated with shift from secure to insecure attachment

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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