Edward Heath

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What happened to the Prices and Incomes board under Heath?
It was scrapped.
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What is the 'quiet revolution'?
Heath - many free-market reforms to boost competitiveness, free market functioned more effectively, unimpeded by Govt controls.
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What did Antony Barber do under Heath?
Cut income & coporation tax, cut Govt spending.
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Comment on the 1970 budget.
Barber cut spending by over £300M
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What did John Davies do?
Recommended not assisting 'lame ducks'. Govt agreed.
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What happened to prescription charges under Heath?
They rose.
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What happened to free milk under Heath?
It ended.
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Overall image of Heaths first measures?
Bad, Thatcher = milk snatcher. Reinforced image as a 'nasty party'.
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Comment on Heaths U-turn.
Poor economic statistics, worsening economy led to u-turn. Reinvented old ways of managing economy at first sign of trouble.
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Comment on inflation in 1971 and 1972.
Inflation reached 15% in 1971 and 20% by 1972.
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Comment on Rolls-Royce and the U-turn.
1971 - Govt nationalised 'lame duck' Rolls-Royce aginst previous 'new right' ambitions.
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Comment on unemployment under heath.
Reached 1M in 1972 from 600,000 in 1970.
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Comment on the public works schemes under Heath.
1971 - £100M given to stimulate the north, classic old fashioned Keynesian response.
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Comment on the Prices and Incomes board.
Scrapped but brought back in 1972 after initial incomes policy was rejected by TU. Heath legislated caps to wage rises.
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Industrial Relations Act 1971.
Introduced court to judge strike action validity. Trade unions needed to register with Govt. Aimed to curb influence and power of TU.
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What were the responses to the Industrial Relations Act 1971 from TUs.
Resisted. Refused to register. Impossible to inforce - govt looked incompetent.
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Comment on the Miners Strike 1972.
NUM - Arthur Scargill. Brought coal movement to a standstill to extract wage rises. Huge disruption, 2 day week in 1972 to conserve fuel. TV ended at 10:30. Speed limit lowered to 50mph. Eventually gave in, NUM got 21% wage increase. 3x what offered.
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When did the UK join the EEC?
Joined in 1973 under Heath.
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What were the terms of joining the EEC? (1973)
Access to EEC markets, workers could work across EEC. Hugh tariffs outside free trade area, commonwealth suffered. In the 80s UK payed 20% but only got 8% of expenditure back.
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What was the Oil crisis under Heath?
In reaction support for Israel in the Arab-Israeli war, OPEC countries reduced supply, increasing oil prices heavily.
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How did oil prices change during the Oil Crisis?
1973 - $2/barrel 1980 - $35/barrel
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Education under Heath?
Move to comprehensive school continued, over 2/3 now in Comp.
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NHS under Heath?
Sir Keith Joseph accidentally increased 'box-ticking' admin staff instead of front-line heath care staff. Admin spending increase outstripped increased patient care spending.
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Card 2

Front

Heath - many free-market reforms to boost competitiveness, free market functioned more effectively, unimpeded by Govt controls.

Back

What is the 'quiet revolution'?

Card 3

Front

Cut income & coporation tax, cut Govt spending.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Barber cut spending by over £300M

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Recommended not assisting 'lame ducks'. Govt agreed.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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