Educational Policy

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What is the tripartite system?
Children were allocated to one of three schools after completing the 11+ test. Grammar schools were for people who passed, secondary modern were for pupils who failed and the third type were technical schools. There was a higher pass rate for girls.
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What is the comprehensive school system?
Comprehensive schools were schools that all pupils in the area could attend, regardless of ability.
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What is the functionalist view on the comprehensive system?
Promote social integration of social classes. More meritocratic because it gives pupils a longer period to show their abilities.
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What is the marxist view on the comprehensive system?
They are not meritocratic and produce class inequality through streaming . Continue to deny working class children opportunity.
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What is marketisation?
The process of introducing market forces of consumer choice and competition between suppliers into areas run by the state.
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What are some policies that promote marketisation?
Publication of league tables, OFSTED, business sponsorship of schools.
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What is cream skimming?
Good schools can be more selective and recruit the high achieving pupils, which are mainly middle class.
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What is the funding formula?
Schools are allocated funds by a formula based on how many pupils they attract.
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What are the three types of parents identified by Gewirtz?
Privileged skilled choosers - Mainly middle class, had cultural capital, so could take full advantage of choices. Disconnected local choosers - Working class, restricted because of lack of capital. Semi skilled choosers - Working class but ambitious.
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What policies did the New Labour introduce to try to reduce inequality?
Education Action Zones, Education Maintenance Allowance and the Aim Higher programme.
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What did the coalition government introduce?
Encouraged all schools to become academies. Set up free schools, which were funded by the state, free school meals for infants and pupil premium.
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What are free schools?
Schools funded by the state, but set up by parents, faith organisations or businesses.
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What is fragmentation?
Comprehensive system is being replaced by a patchwork of diverse schools, which leads to greater inequality in opportunities.
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What is the cola-isation of schools?
The private sector is penetrating the education sector. For examples, putting vending machines in schools.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the comprehensive school system?

Back

Comprehensive schools were schools that all pupils in the area could attend, regardless of ability.

Card 3

Front

What is the functionalist view on the comprehensive system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the marxist view on the comprehensive system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is marketisation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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