Educational Achievement

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What are internal factors?
Factors inside school that affect achievement
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What are external factors?
Factors outside of school that affect achievement
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What are the 3 external factors that will affect educational achievement?
Cultural deprivation, cultural capital and material deprivation
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What are examples of external factors that will affect educational achievement?
Natural disasters, health and wellbeing, mental health, young carers, social class, part-time job
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What is material deprivation?
Refers to poverty and a lack of material necessities such as adequate housing and diet
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What is material deprivation measured by?
How many children in a school will be allocated free school meals (FSM)
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How will housing impact on educational achievement?
Lack of space- no room to complete school work, lack of outdoor space- play and exploration, cold or damp housing- illness...absence from school
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How will diet and health impact on educational achievement?
Not eating healthily- weak immune system, poor diet- can lead to poor concentration and behavioural problems... lack of progress in lessons
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How can income impact on educational achievement?
Children may have to have hand me down items- bullying, children may have to work for themselves, may not have the correct equipment... could be sent home
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What does Tanner say? (Income)
Claimed that for working class families the cost of school items can be a burden
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What are the 3 factors of cultural deprivation?
Attitudes and values, language and intellectual development
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How does intellectual development impact on educational achievement?
W/C homes lack resources to help children develop (books+interactive toys) J.W.B Douglas found that W/C pupils scored lower on tests, he argued this is because their parents are less likely to read with them
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How does language impact on educational achievement?
The language used in W/C homes is seen as deficient, W/C families are more likely to communicate through gestures and use disjointed phrases, therefore children fail to develop the language skills necessary to do well in school
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What are Bernstein's two language codes?
Elaborated (M/C children) Restricted (W/C children)
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Sugarman says that the W/C subculture has 4 key features that impact on educational achievement, what are they?
Fatalism, collectivism, immediate gratification and present-time orientation
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What is fatalism?
A belief in fate, that 'what will be, will be' and there is nothing you can do to change your status. Contrasts with M/C values of changing position through status
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What is collectivism?
Valuing being part of a group more than as an individual. contrasts with the M/C view as they think individuals should not be held back by group loyalties
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What is immediate gratification?
Seeking pleasure now rather than making sacrifices in order to get rewards in the future, M/C emphasises deferred gratification
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What is present-time orientation?
Seeing the present as more important than the future and not having long-term goals
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What is compensatory education?
The policy was designed to tackle problems of cultural deprivation by providing extra resources for schools and deprived areas
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are external factors?

Back

Factors outside of school that affect achievement

Card 3

Front

What are the 3 external factors that will affect educational achievement?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are examples of external factors that will affect educational achievement?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is material deprivation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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