Education Sociologists

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  • Created by: GingieEMM
  • Created on: 15-01-14 20:25
Durkheim (1903)
Social solidarity- Norms and Values, School miniature society
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Durkheim (1903)
Specialist Skills- Division of labour where different skills are interdependent
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Parsons (1961)
Meritocracy Bridging gap between home (particularistic) and society (univerlistic)
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Davis and Moor (1945)
Role allocation- Inequality is needed for students to be allocated a role in society.
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Althusser (1971)
Ideological State apparatus- Replicates class inequality through legitimizing class differences
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Bowles and Gintis (1976)
Correspondence Principle- Education creates obedient workforce
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Bowles and Gintis (1976)
The hidden curriculum- Indirectly taught obedience, hierarchy and acceptance
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[M] Chubb and Moe (1990)
Consumer choice- Voucher system, allows parents to choose child's future
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Jackson (1968)
Rs Rules routines and regulations. 'survive comfortably in lessons'
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Forster Act (1970)
Everyone received an education until they are 10
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The Butler Act (1944)
Introduced the Tripartite system
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Comprehensive system Introduced (1965)
One size fits all
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11+ stopped (1976)
Grammar school's no longer needed the 11+ for entrance
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Educational reform act (1988)
Schools expected to become more competitive
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11+ Positives
Motivated those who passed, Better chance of getting a job, Accurate measure of intelligence, stretches the higher capabilities
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11+ Negatives
Multiple choice allowed for guessing, Failures= Low self esteem, Only one chance, upper class more likely to pass, too much pressure, too difficult
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Three parts of the tripartite system?
Grammar schools, Secondary modern, Secondary technology
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Comprehensive system Positives
Equal oppurtunity, equal resources
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Comprehensive system Negatives
Different levels not helped, Larger classes, Upper class live seppearate
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Davis and Moore- Labelling Positives
Self fulfilling prophecy- Those that are labelled as good, do better. Those who are labelled bad, do worse.
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Bernstein (1971)
Working Class- Restricted Code. Middle Class- Elaborated code
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Bernstein Negatives
Labov (1973)- Restricted code not inferior just different
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Beretier and Englemann (1966)
Lower class language is deficient- use gestures, single words and disjointed phrases
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Future Orientation
Planning for the future
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Deferred Gratification
Putting off today's pleasures for future gains
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Individual effort
Individual hard work
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Fatalism
Acceptance of a situation rather then improvement
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Collectivism
Working together and loyalty to the group
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Keddie (1973)
Working class culture is different not deficient
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Trayna and Williams (1986)
Teachers reactions are to blame for failures
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Blackstone and Mortimore (1994)
W/C parents aren't disinterested but cannot be involved in child's education because of work
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Housing
Overcrowding
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Diet and Health Howard (2001)
Bad nutrition leads to illness, days off and suffering grades
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Specialist Skills- Division of labour where different skills are interdependent

Back

Durkheim (1903)

Card 3

Front

Meritocracy Bridging gap between home (particularistic) and society (univerlistic)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Role allocation- Inequality is needed for students to be allocated a role in society.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Ideological State apparatus- Replicates class inequality through legitimizing class differences

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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