Education and Research Methods Quiz Cards

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What do functionalists think about education?
Is good, based on shared values and beneficial for all.
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What do functionalists believe education does for individuals?
Allocates them to better suited jobs. Sorts according to ability.
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What did Durkheim say?
Social Solidarity- Individuals must feel part of a single 'body'. Education is a miniature society.
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What did Durkheim say about Specialist Skills?
Modern industries have complex skills.
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What did Parsons say about education?
Important to create value consensus. This is needed to cope with the wider world. Education is a meritocracy. All pupils are judged on the same standards.
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What did Davis and Moore say?
Education is a way to select future roles. The most able get the higher qualifications and the more important jobs.
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What are some criticisms of Durkheim?
Britain is culturally diverse, not everyone can have our british culture.
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Criticisms of Parsons?
Not all children have equal opperutnities. E.g. rich parents can give their children tutoring or more support than the working class.
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What are some criticisms of Davis and Moore?
Class can affect the oppertunites a child has, it isn't just based on qualifications.
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What do the New Right believe about education?
They think similar to functionalists, but believe the current education system isn't fulfilling it.
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What do the New Right think is wrong?
The state has a 'one size fits all' approach and isn't looking at local needs. They say the consumers get no say, and so therefore they get bad results. Low standards means a less qualified workforce and a less prosperous economy.
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What do the New Right think the state should do?
Impose a framework in which schools must compete, and 'advertise'.
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What do Marxists believe about education?
Education offers norms and values, however it does this to support the needs of capitalism by meaning that the middle class children get good results. It supports the 'myth of meritocracy'.
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What do they believe the 'hidden curriculum' does?
Creates conformity and obedient future workers.
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What was Bowles and Gintis' principle?
The corrospondance principle, meaning that school mirrors the world of work.
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What does Bourdieu say?
The working class are fooled into accepting their failure, by being told they don't have the ability to succeed. In reality, the working class are set to fail, while the middle class 'hold all the aces'.
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What does Paul Willis say?
He says that the education system isn't always successful in socialization and pupils develop 'counter sub cultures'.
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Who did Paul Willis study and what did he find? (learning to labour)
Boys in secondary schools in the 70's. Observation and participant observation. He saw the boys develop counter school culture.
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What were the main features of Paul Willis' 'Lad counter school culture?'
The lads felt superior to teachers and conformist pupils. Little or no value to academic work. Avoided lessons. "Having a laff". Wanted to join the male adult world of manual work. Seen as superior to mental work. Highly racist and sexist.
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What were Paul Willis' conclusions from the "learning to labour" study?
The education system was failing to produce ideal workers. They were far from obedient and docile (Bowles and Gintis)
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What are the external factors that can affect educational achievement to do with social class?
Cultural deprivation, material deprivation and lack of cultural capital.
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What is cultural deprivation?
Middle class families having advantages over early years intellectual development, use of language and attitudes and values.
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What are some examples of Early years intellectual development and who did a study on it?
Reading to children, education toys. Douglas found that children being read to was less likely to happen in working class families.
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What did Berstien and Young find?
They found that middle class mothers are more likely to pick toys that encourage children's intellectual development.
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How does use of language affect achievement?
Working class have restricted code with limited vocabulary and short sentences. context dependent, not analytically. Middle class speak Elaborate code with wider vocab, complex sentences. Restricted can cause clashes with Elaborate.
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How can the class' different attitudes and values affect achievement?
Hyman- Lower class believe they have no oppertunties- don't see value in education, less willing to stay on at school want to go into manual work. Sugerman- They believe in Fatalism. Douglas- Didn't value education, less likely to visit schools.
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What does 'Fatalism' mean for the working class?
"What will be, will be" nothing to change that.
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What else did Sugerman say about working class attitudes to education?
They favour immediate gratification, seek pleasure now, rather than later. See the present as more important than the future. They value being part of a group more that individual achievement.
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What did Nell Keddie say about the 'myth of cultural deprivation'?
Victim blaming explanation. A child cannot be deprived of their own culture, their culture is just different, and they fail because the education system is based on middle class values.
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What does Troyna and Williams say about the 'myth of cultural deprivation'?
The problem is teachers speech "hierachy", labelling middle class speech higher.
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What is cultural capital?
E.g. going on foreign holidays, going to the theatre, having violin lessons. Opens doors and oppertunites, broadens education.
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What does cultural capital allow middle class children to do?
Develop intellectual intrests and understand what the education system wants. Intrests are rewarded and valued.
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What is material deprivation?
Insufficent money (uniform, trips, equipment), lack of faculties at home (internet access, room to themselves) low income families need for children to babysit, carry out household tasks. Lack of travel means, poor diet or poor area.
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How has the government tried to combat material deprivation?
EMA, Head start, education action zones, free school meals, BSF.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What do functionalists believe education does for individuals?

Back

Allocates them to better suited jobs. Sorts according to ability.

Card 3

Front

What did Durkheim say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Durkheim say about Specialist Skills?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Parsons say about education?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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Comments

wngono

This a great set of flashcards which provide comprehensive recall of valuable content for the research methods aspects the education unit. The answers are also nice and concise and enough to trigger further development. Excellent resource.

Sawan123

Some of it is a bit basic

Sawan123

Some of it is a bit basic

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