Education

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Sills
  • Created on: 03-04-14 14:59
Formal Education
learning particular subjects, for example, Maths, English, in or organised institutions (school)
1 of 39
Informal Education
occurs through observing what goes on around us, through experiences of life
2 of 39
Functionalists
argue that the function of institutions such as education is to reproduce culture by socialisind individuals into the key values and roles required for social stability
3 of 39
Agent of social control
individual or group that is responsible for ensuring members of society conform to socially acceptable behaviour
4 of 39
social mobility
movement of individuals up or down a social scale
5 of 39
social cohesion
'sticking together'. it describes the integration of a society into a unified whole
6 of 39
Meritocracy
a social system in which rewards are allocated justly on the basis of merit rather than factors such as class, gender , ethnicity
7 of 39
De-Schooling
the idea that schools should be abolished because the compulsory nature of schools hinders the learning process
8 of 39
National Curriculum
Subjects and subject content that must be studied by all children in state schools, in an attempt to standardise educational provision
9 of 39
Ofsted (Office for Standards in Education)
the government agency given the task of monitoring the quality of schools and teachers in the UK
10 of 39
SATs (Standard Assessment Tests)
Assessment method used at the end of each key stage if schooling
11 of 39
GCSE (General Certificate in Secondary Education)
National examinations taken at the age of 16
12 of 39
Diploma
qualification for 14-19- year-olds introduces as a pilot in 2008 with up to 10 subjects to choose from
13 of 39
League Tables
lists produced by the government indicating the position of each school in comparison to others depending on their exam performance
14 of 39
Primary School (5-11 years)
this is the first level of education in the UK. They are generally mixed sex, and usually located close to the child's home. Children tend to be with the same group throughout the day, and one teacher has responibility for most of their work
15 of 39
Secondary School (11-16 years)
most children transfer at the age of 11 to secondary school. most cater for both sexes. Pupils are taught the National Curriculum subjects, normally by specialist teachers
16 of 39
Vocational
Describes a course or qualification designed to provide more of a 'hand-on' approach to learning. This encourges the application of knowledge and understanding of a subject in a practical way.
17 of 39
Formal Curriculum
what students learn their timetabled lessons, for example, maths and english
18 of 39
Hidden Curriculum
the ways in which the organisation of teaching, school regulation of teaching, school regulations and routines shape pupil attitube and behaviour, that is, what students learn at school that is not taught in lessons.
19 of 39
Labelling
names/labels given to individuals by teachers (and by others, for example police) which then influence the way others repond to those individuals
20 of 39
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
people hear labels about themselves from people than they are. They come to believe that the labels are true and then actas if they are true. Therefore, the labels become true
21 of 39
Setting
a way of dividing pupils into groups for particular subjects based on their ability in those subjects
22 of 39
Streaming
a way of dividing pupils according to their supposed ability. A pupil will normally remail in the same stream across all areas of the curriculm
23 of 39
Anti-school sub-culture
these are formed because pupils feel that they are not valued by the school or because they do not identify with the value system and the goals of the school
24 of 39
Mixed ability
pupils of all ability levels are taught as one group
25 of 39
cultural capital
the desired skills, for example, langiage which middle classes pass on to their children
26 of 39
UCAS
University amd colleges Admissions Service. The organisation responsible fpr the allocation and administration of university and college places
27 of 39
Crisis of Masculinity
the idea tht mens perception of what a man is and how he ought to behave has been undermind by social and economic changes
28 of 39
Breadwinner
the person in the household who is the main income earner.
29 of 39
Ethnocentric curriculum
schools are structured in a particular way including such aspects as school assembilies, history and language which reflect the culture of the majory
30 of 39
tripartite system
three types of secondary school for different types of pupil based on an IQ (intelligence Quotient) test at the age of 11
31 of 39
Eleven plus
a type of intelligence test taken at age 11 to determine whether a child should attend a grammer school, technical school or a secondary modern
32 of 39
New vocationalism
training aimed to equip the young with the skills and education required by a rapidly changing economy
33 of 39
Marketisation of education
changes to the education system in the late 1980s, so that it became more business- like
34 of 39
Excellence in Cities (EiC)
The Excellence in Cities programme, launched in March 1999, made a unique contribution to the raising of attainment of disadvantaged pupils in our most deprived cities, towns, and rural areas
35 of 39
Education Action Zones (EAZs)
are built around groups os schools that are determind to raise educational standards in the most challenging areas in the UK
36 of 39
Educational Maintenance Allowance (EMA)
money paid directly to students who stay on in education after the age of 16. The amount recieved depends on parents' income
37 of 39
Secordary Data
data that has been produced by other researches
38 of 39
Primary data
data collected for the first time by the researcher for a particular piece of research
39 of 39

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

occurs through observing what goes on around us, through experiences of life

Back

Informal Education

Card 3

Front

argue that the function of institutions such as education is to reproduce culture by socialisind individuals into the key values and roles required for social stability

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

individual or group that is responsible for ensuring members of society conform to socially acceptable behaviour

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

movement of individuals up or down a social scale

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Education resources »