education keywords

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academy
a failed school, taken over by central government, in partnership with private sponsors. The aim of their creation was to raise achievement.
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beacon school
a school or college recognized as centres of excellence, part of whose role is to share its expertise with other schools and colleges
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comprehensive system
introduced in 1965, this is a non-selective education system. all children attend the same type of secondary school regardless of ability
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counter-school subculture
a group within a school that rejects the values and norms of the school and replaces them with anti-school values and norms
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cultural deprivation
a theory that suggests that working class and ethnic minority students lack the correct values and attitudes from socialisation to succeed in education
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hidden curriculum
things learnt in school that are not formally taught such as valuing punctuality or confromity and obedience
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home education
refers to teaching children at home rather than at school, usually by parents or private tutors
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independent sector
made up of schools that charge fees and/or are not subject to the same rules as the state sector
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labelling
the process of attaching a characteristic or definition to an individual or group
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marketisation
policy of bringing market forces into education and other areas
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material deprivation
lack of resources related to financial situation or poverty. In education this might include poor bousing or an inability to afford education aids
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meritocracy
a system in which everyone is seen as having an equal opportunity to succeed. Success is based on ability and effort, not on social class, gender or ethnicity
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nature
the idea that intelligence is inherited or genetic. Educational success is thus determined by the abilities we are born with
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nurture
the idea that educational success is linked to the social environment and factor such as social class, gender, ethnicity and peer groups
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official curriculum
the formal learning that takes place in schools. this includes subjects and courses studied.
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self fulfilling prophecy
where teachers may make a prediction about a student that comes true. treating a student according to the prediction may lead the student to come to accept the teacher's view of them and so the prediction comes true
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specialist schools
centres of excellence in particular subject areas. they are intended to raise standard sof teaching and learning in these areas
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tri-partite system
created by the 1944 education act, tis system used the 11+ test to identify students' ability levels. students were then allocated to one of three types of school based on their tested abilities
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11 plus exam
a national IQ test introduced by the 1944 education act to be used as a method of allocating students to one of three types of school in the tripartite system
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a school or college recognized as centres of excellence, part of whose role is to share its expertise with other schools and colleges

Back

beacon school

Card 3

Front

introduced in 1965, this is a non-selective education system. all children attend the same type of secondary school regardless of ability

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a group within a school that rejects the values and norms of the school and replaces them with anti-school values and norms

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a theory that suggests that working class and ethnic minority students lack the correct values and attitudes from socialisation to succeed in education

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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