Education Key Terms

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Domestic duties
jobs in the house, housework
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Skills
abilities that are learned and help one to solve problems
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Informal education
learning new skills from people around you
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Formal education
training in a school or college from someone who deliberately teaches things that are needed for adult life and work
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Contested concept
there is a debate about what a term means
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Compulsory education
children must have a proper education by law
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Respondent
someone who participates in sociology research
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Open question
cannot be answered with 'yes' and 'no'
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Grammar school
teaches traditional academic subjects in a traditional way
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Secondary modern
taught practical subjects
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Comprehensive
all children can attend regardless of ability
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National curriculum
the subjects that must be taught in most state schools by law
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Ideology
belief system about how the world should be run
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New Right (Thatcherism)
a belief that society will get better if there is more competition and a return to traditional values
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Corporal punishment
punishment by hurting someone
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Role learning
memorising facts or poetry word for word
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Pupil voice
children are consulted on their education and give feedback to schools
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ICT
computers (information and communication technology)
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Meritocracy
the best people will do well in society and success is based on ability
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Functionalist
sociologists who look at how society works as a system
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Working class
people who have not been to Higher Education and who would take jobs with practical skills
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Economic
things that are concerned with money in particular
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Deprivation (material)
not having the resources that others in society have, being poor or lacking things
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Underachieve
to do less well than you should in life or in examinations
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Digital divide
the difference in access to knowledge between those with and those without access to the internet
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Crisis of masculinity
males are no longer certain what it is to be a man
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Laddish behaviour
showing off and silliness in schools to impress peer groups
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Feminisation of schools
schools are more girl-friendly places and teachers are female
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Excluded from school
formal sanction where children are told not to attend school for a period of time
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Ethnic
refers to membership of a cultural group
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Ethnic minority
people who belong to a smaller cultural group than the dominant culture, for example British Asians
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Multi-cultural environment
a school which values all cultures and backgrounds and acknowledges cultural differences between students
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Poverty
lacking the money for essentials needed in life
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Selection
schools teach the pupils that they want and reject those who are not able
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Cultural capital
knowledge of how the education system works so you can use it to benefit your family
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Material
things that are concerned with money and possessions
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Cultural deprivation
the idea that some cultures are not as 'good' as others
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Multi-factor
more than one reason acting together
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Labelling theory
people are given labels and then others act as though the labels were true
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Self-fulfilling prophecy
something that becomes true because someone said it would happen
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Dunce
negative term to describe someone who fails in school
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Hidden curriculum
messages that are passed on to children unintentionally
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Anti-school subculture
a social group in the school which rejects education and teachers
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Peer group
consists of people of a similar age and background
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Ladettes
girls who copy male behaviour in terms of drinking, smoking and agrression
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FSM
children who have free school meals
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Low self-esteem
lack of confidence in their own ability
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Immediate gratification
having pleasure in the present rather than putting it off
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Influential
a lot of people believe it to be true
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Vocabulary
words that people understand and can use
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Further education
education after school for work and a career
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Higher education
education after school for professional work
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Degree
a qualification which is gained through university study
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NEETS
young people who are not in education, employment or training
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Aspirations
hopes and ambitions
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

abilities that are learned and help one to solve problems

Back

Skills

Card 3

Front

learning new skills from people around you

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

training in a school or college from someone who deliberately teaches things that are needed for adult life and work

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

there is a debate about what a term means

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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