Education - Internal Factors for DEA and Social Class + Key Concepts and Individuals involved

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1. What does Fuller argue?

  • Students can only accept their labels
  • He is not an actual sociologist
  • Suggests that even if a student is labelled they can reject it
  • Suggests that no student can reject a label they are stuck with it and have to follow in that labels path
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2. What sociologist carried out a field experiment at a Californian Primary School?

  • Rostenthal + Jacobson
  • Gillborn + Youdell
  • Rist
  • Becker

3. What did Gillborn + Youdell find in their study?

  • Found that teachers judged pupils depending on how closely they fitted their image of the 'ideal student'
  • Found that teachers used stereotypical notions of 'ability' to stream pupils and found that teachers are less likely to see W/C students as having ability, as a result placing them in lower streams
  • Found that Teachers placed students in groups depending on their background and apprearance
  • Found that teachers were one of the reasons that the 'self-fulfilling prophecy' occured due to them subconciously helping students that seemed smarter or looked like the 'idea pupil' (Middle Class)

4. What is the correct definition of; 'Self-defeating prophecy?'

  • Where the labelling process failed
  • Where a prediction does not become true, this is because the prediction was incorrect in the first place, this is called; 'the prophet's dilemma'
  • A prediction that prevents what it predicts from happening, this is known as; 'the prophet's dilemma'
  • Where a prophecy fails to come true

5. Why do some sociologists believe the labelling theory is 'deterministic?'

  • Because it just assumes that the pupil will accept their label. Many students are anomalies and reject or ignore the labels they are given
  • They do not
  • Sociologiusts all believe in the labelling theory, no one thinks it is deterministic
  • Because it just assumes people will reject the theory when they can actually accept it


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