Education

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Hubbs-Tait et al (2002)
Parents use language that challenges their children to evaluate their own understanding or abilities causing cognitive performances to improve.
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Leon Feinstein (2008)
Educated parents more likely to use language this way. Less educated parents tend to use language in ways that only require children to make simple descriptive statements resulting in a lower performance.
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Leon Feinstein (2008)
Educated parents are more likely to use praise which encourages their children to develop a sense of their own competence.
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Bereiter and Engelmann (1966)
Claim that language used in lower-class homes is deficient. Describe lower-class families as communicating by gestures, single words or disjointed phrases.
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Bereiter and Engelmann (1966)
Children fail to develop necessary language skills. Grow up incapable of abstract thinking and unable to use language to explain, describe, enquire or compare.Unable to take advantage of the opportunities that schoool offers.
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Bernstein (1975)
Restricted code: working class. Limited vocabulary. Short, simple sentences. Speech is predictableand may involve only a single word.
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Bernstein (1975)
Elaborated code: Middle class. Wider vocabulary and grammatically more complex sentences. Abstract ideas
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Card 2

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Educated parents more likely to use language this way. Less educated parents tend to use language in ways that only require children to make simple descriptive statements resulting in a lower performance.

Back

Leon Feinstein (2008)

Card 3

Front

Educated parents are more likely to use praise which encourages their children to develop a sense of their own competence.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Claim that language used in lower-class homes is deficient. Describe lower-class families as communicating by gestures, single words or disjointed phrases.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Children fail to develop necessary language skills. Grow up incapable of abstract thinking and unable to use language to explain, describe, enquire or compare.Unable to take advantage of the opportunities that schoool offers.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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