Edexcel GCE Geography Unit 1: Topic 2 (Global Winners & Losers)

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Global W&L: What are switched on places? (Part I)
These are the most highly-connected countries, as well as the important cities in poorer countries, e.g. Singapore is an important port, financial centre and tourist destination.
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Global W&L: What are switched on places? (Part II)
Because they're well connected, trade, money, people and information flow easily between them and elsewhere - they're global hubs because global networks flow through them. Energy consumption is high.
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Global W&L: What are switched-off places? (Part I)
These are the worst connected countries, as well as some remote places in more wealthy countires, e.g. Bhutan is a landlocked country in the Himalayan mountains, where tourism and access to the internet is restricted.
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Global W&L: What are switched-off places? (Part II)
Some money does flow into switched- off places, often in the form of aid. Also, they may grow crops to make money (cash crops, e.g. Coffee in Kenya), but they trade little and recieve very little for the crops. Energy consumption is low.
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Global W&L: What is the difference between interconnected and dependent?
Interconnected places have a roughly equal exchange in the flow of trade, money, people and information. One place is dependent on another if there is an unequall exchange in the flow of trade, money, people or info. More is coming in than going out.
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Global W&L: What creates global networks?
Technologies like telecommunications, the internet and air travel greate global networks. For example long-distance telecoms began when copper telegraph cables were laid across the Atlantic in 1866.Now there's a global phone network linking countries
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Global W&L: What is the concept of a 'shrinking' world?
It's the idea that distances don't seem as far because places are very well connected.
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Global W&L: Give me a case-study of a company that is causing the world to 'shrink'.
EasyJet is a low cost airline that helps connect many places by making it easier for more people (not just the wealthy) to get to more places. It makes a pattern of connectivity, made up of all the places it flies to.It makes places more switched-on.
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Card 2

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Global W&L: What are switched on places? (Part II)

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Because they're well connected, trade, money, people and information flow easily between them and elsewhere - they're global hubs because global networks flow through them. Energy consumption is high.

Card 3

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Global W&L: What are switched-off places? (Part I)

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Card 4

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Global W&L: What are switched-off places? (Part II)

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Card 5

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Global W&L: What is the difference between interconnected and dependent?

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