Ecosystems

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Biotic
Organic living matter - plants/animals/bacteria
1 of 16
Abiotic
inorganic matter - soil/water/air
2 of 16
Autotrophs/Primary producer
organisms which create energy from inorganic matter
3 of 16
Decomposer
organisms which break down dead animal or plant matter to release nutrients - fungi/worms/woodlice etc.
4 of 16
Detritivore
an animal which eats detritus (small fragments of dead matter
5 of 16
Primary consumer
an organism which feeds on a primary producer
6 of 16
Primary succession
plant succession that develops on land which has not been vegetated before
7 of 16
Pioneers
the first plants to colonise an area
8 of 16
Plant succession
series of plant communities which progressively occupy a site
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Climatic climax
plant community which is in equilibrium, all the ecological niches are filled and so there are no further changes
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Plagioclimax community
plant community permanently arrested by human activity
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Secondary succession
plant succession which develops on land that has been vegetated before
12 of 16
Ancient woodland
land which has been woodland since 1600
13 of 16
Coppicing
cutting trees at ground level to encourage stems to grow from the stump. This is then harvested for timber
14 of 16
Pollarding
cutting the branches at head height to prevent livestock from eating the foliage
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Shifting cultivation/Slash and Burn
a type of agriculture in tropical areas where an area of ground is cleared and cultivated and then abandoned for a new area until its fertility has been naturally restored.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

inorganic matter - soil/water/air

Back

Abiotic

Card 3

Front

organisms which create energy from inorganic matter

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

organisms which break down dead animal or plant matter to release nutrients - fungi/worms/woodlice etc.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

an animal which eats detritus (small fragments of dead matter

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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