Economy/Society in 1920's America

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What are the positives and negatives of traditional production?
positives - no time wasted, better skilled workforce, ratio between workers and product is even, not as much build up of work. Negatives - higher pay, mass production is difficult, time wasted changing equipment, not as much profit.
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What are the positives and negatives of assembly line production?
Positives - workers learn best method of production quickly, potential for better quality products. Negatives - quality of product may decline, lacks individuality.
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What industries were the winners of the boom and why?
cars, electricals, chemicals. People had more disposable income to buy things that would have previously been considered a luxury.
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What impact did the motor car industry have?
gov't spent more money on road building, impressed other countries, created lots of traffic, more accidents, not as dependent on public transport, reconnected isolated rural towns with the larger cities, people could travel further for work.
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What was the impact of consumerism?
income rose by 27% per person, could buy things on higher purchase, entertainment and radio/tv industry prospered, sale of automobiles rose from $8mil to $23mill, overproduction was encouraged, stock market became more popular.
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What industries were affected by a small amount and why?
Textiles, coal, shipbuilding. The more traditional industries could only expand by a limited amount as consumer demand could not grow to a large extent.
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What industries were the losers of the boom and why?
Farmers, the South in general (black Americans). Gov't encouraged overproduction, meaning prices were lower and farmers profit decreased and for the South, Jim Crowe laws.
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How did American music change during the 1920's?
dance crazes became popular (the charlston and the black bottom), radio sales increased so music was played more on the radio, new music evolved (jazz), development of radio meant a decrease in record sales.
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How did crime change during the 1920's?
crime rates increased because of the prohibition, gangsters such as Al Capone thrived, gang violence increased (between 1927 and 1931, over 200 gang members were murdered and no one was convicted).
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How did sport change during the 1920's?
professional sportsmen began to earn large amounts of money (Babe Ruth was paid $80,000 for New York baseball in 1927), many world records were set, people had more leisure time to take part in sports.
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How did movies change during the 1920's?
movies became 'talkies' which increased popularity, the law became more strict because of the impact on the younger audience - in 1930, a photo of Joan Blondell was banned as it violated the Hays Code (stricter version of the Hollywood Code).
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How were immigrants targeted in the 1920's?
congress passed the Johnson-Reid Act (1924) which fixed a quota of 150,000 immigrants a year and were almost all from Europe (Asian immigration was stopped completely).
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How were communists targeted in the 1920's?
fear on communism became known as the 'Red Scare'. Attorney-General Palmer rounded up several thousand suspected communists and deported them.
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Explain the Sacco and Vanzetti case.
took place in 1920 - charged with the robbery of $16,000, bomb plots, and the murder of two members of staff. Both were killed by electric chair. Someone else admitted to the crime but the men were still charged as they were immigrants (Italian).
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Explain the Scopes trial.
1925 - charged for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution, taken to court and charged $100, shows that other views were not accepted, Tennesse went on to overturn the verdicts and the law was never passed again.
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Explain the concept of the Ku Klux Klan and what their aims were.
terrorist organisation, originated from the South. Aimed to preserve white supremacy over the newly freed black slaves, was then extended to Catholics, Jews, foreigners, homosexuals and anyone of liberal views. Concealed identity using white robes.
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How did the popularity of the Ku Klux Klan change?
In 1925, the Klan reached a peak of 5million members and the group became less secretive. However, by the end of the 20's, popularity decreased after many convictions against the Klan had undermined their reputation.
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How were the South discriminated against by law?
Plessey vs. Ferguson (1896) allowed the 'Jim Crow' laws to be enforced - whites and blacks should be 'equal but separate'.
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How did African Americans suffer?
prejudice and discrimination, poor farming, sharecroppers, falling prices of crops, lynch mobs, poor living conditions and ghettos, lowest wages, Jim Crow laws.
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What were the effects of prohibition?
it was impossible to police (unable to seal all of its borders - William McCoy smuggled $70mil of whiskey in 4 years), many tried to make their own alcohol (moonshine) which was often poisonous, politically damaging as gangsters paid policemen off.
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Card 2

Front

What are the positives and negatives of assembly line production?

Back

Positives - workers learn best method of production quickly, potential for better quality products. Negatives - quality of product may decline, lacks individuality.

Card 3

Front

What industries were the winners of the boom and why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What impact did the motor car industry have?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the impact of consumerism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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