Economic Development

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Define 'Agriculture'
The production of farming and other resources through the growing of plants and raising animals
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What is meant by Pastoral Farming?
Raising animals on grass, e.g cattle, sheep, goats
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What is meant by Arable Farming?
Growing crops, e.g wheat
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Name an area where Shifting Cultivation occurs.
Erigbaagtsa, Brazil
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What are some causes of food shortages?
Rising food prices/Overpopulation/pests/natural disasters/conflict/climate change/drought periods
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What are some health effects of food shortage?
Malnutrition, Anaemia, Vitamin A defficiency, Marasmus
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What is there to prevent food shortage? And how?
The Green Revolution. Higher yields so people can afford more, increased food production, crops are more reliable due to resistance to disease.
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Name an area which suffers from food shortage.
Darfur, Saudi Arabia. Periodic droughts/infertile soil/locusts destroy crops/
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List some processes at Harwood Farm in New Zealand, commerical agriculture.
Grazing and feeding animals, sheep and lamb grazing, cutting grass.
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List the 4 different Industires with an example of each one.
Primary - farming. Secondary - manufacturer. Tertiary - school teacher. Quaternary - Research scientist.
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What are some benefits of Toyota production in Burnaston?
Near the motorway - accesible. flat land - easy to build on. Plesant surrondings - attracts workers. Nearby unis, schools and hospitals. Huge electricity supply. Room for expansion.
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What are some disadvantages to Toyota?
Qualifications needed for certain jobs, destroyed countryside landscape, landfill.
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What is a Cottage Industry?
Small scale manufacturing carried out by families at their homes using their own equipment.
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What are some attractions for hi-tech Industry production?
Attractive location/cheap land prices/good road links for transport/close to univeristies/proximity to other industries
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What is the main function of renewable sources?
They can be used continuously and are sustainble
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What are some impacts of fuelwood on the evvironment?
Firewood dies out/fewer nutrients/cattle dung dries out/crop stallks are burnt/damages nutrient cycle
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How/Why has tourism increased in recent years?
Cheaper - travel and accomidation. Disposable income/annual leave/government ivest thousands of pounds into tourist industries
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What are some negative effects of tourism?
Pollution - noise, light/attractions ruin scenary/excessive littering/land loss/traffic congestion/dependent on one industry - tourism/seasonal jobs
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What are some positive effects of tourism?
Boosts a countires economy/Jobs are created for locals/Improves countries reutation/local infrastructure might be improved
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Where is there a threat to the natural environment due to toursim?
Australia's Great Barrier Reef
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is meant by Pastoral Farming?

Back

Raising animals on grass, e.g cattle, sheep, goats

Card 3

Front

What is meant by Arable Farming?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name an area where Shifting Cultivation occurs.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are some causes of food shortages?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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