Eating disorders : obesity

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1. How is the cognitive theory used to explain obesity?

  • It doesn't
  • It is innate in some people's brain to eat more than others
  • Elevated focus for food-related stimuli which can trigger strong emotional responses that lead to effects in eating
  • Some people can't help being obese, it comes naturally
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2. The evolutionary theory regarding what triggers obesity says that

  • Some people are naturally bigger than others because throughout evolution they were the longer lasting survivors in a pack
  • Maladaptive instincts that developed at a time where food was scarce means that some modern humans continue to behave that food is scarce, resulting in over eating
  • Obesity doesn't exist
  • Obesity is innate and comes from an era where everyone was obese

3. How much in the USA in 1998 was spent on treating obesity?

  • $45m
  • $5bn
  • $78.5bn
  • $1m

4. What did Braet & Crombez find?

  • Obese children were more sensitive to food words - hypersensitivity shows initiation and maintenance of maladaptive thought processes can trigger bad eating behaviour
  • That obese children ate more than children who weren't obese
  • Food related illnesses were due to bad thought processes
  • Bad health from obesity was linked to the hypothalamus

5. The highest obesity rates are where and how much?

  • Europe with the most obesity rate in the world
  • South Pacific Islanders of Nauru with 80% obesity rate
  • Great Britain with 65% obesity rate
  • The USA

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