Eating Behaviour - SS1 - Eating Behaviour - Research

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Which 3 psychologists support the social learning theory of eating behaviour?
Brown & Ogden, Meyer & Gast and Macintyre et al
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Brown and Ogden (2004) found correlations between parents and children in terms of what?
Snack and food intake, eating motivation and body dissatisfaction
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Who did Meyer and Gast (2008) study?
10-12 year old girls and boys
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What was there a positive correlation between?
Peer influence and disordered eating
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What did Macintyre et al (1998) find to have an effect on eating behaviour also?
The media
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Which 2 psychologists supported the influence of mood on eating behaviour?
Garg et al and Davis et al
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What did the 38 participants in Garg et al's study (2007) have to do?
Watch upbeat movie (Sweet Home Alabama) or sad film (Love Story)
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What were they offered?
Grapes and popcorn
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What was found among those who watched the sad film?
Ate 36% more popcorn
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What happened when Garg gave ppts nutritional information?
Consumption of unhealthy food dropped dramatically
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Who did Davis et al (1988) study?
Bulimics
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What were their moods like 1 hour before a binge?
More negative
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Which psychologist goes against the influence of mood?
Parker et al (2006)
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What did they find about chocolate?
When consumed as an emotional eating strategy it is more likely to prolong a negative mood
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Which 2 psychologists support the influence of culture on EB?
Ball & Kennedy and Dornbusch et al
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Who did Ball & Kennedy (2002) study?
14,000 women aged 18-23, all of different ethnicity living in Australia
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What was compared?
Attitudes towards food and how long they had lived there
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What was found?
The more time spent in Australia, the more attitudes towards food were similar to women living in Australia
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Who did Dornbusch et al (1984) study?
7000 American adolescents
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What was found when comparing higher and lower social classes?
Higher classes had greater desire to be thin and were more likely to diet
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Which psychologist goes against the impact of culture?
Story et al
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What did they find?
Studied US adolescents and found higher classes to be related to greater weight satisfaction and lower rates of weight control behaviour, e.g.vomiting
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Which 2 psychologists support that a range of factors contribute to a successful diet?
Miller-Kovach et al and Bartlett
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What did Miller-Kovach et al (2001) find about the social support methods of Weight Watchers?
They were superior to individual dieting regimes over a period of 2 years
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With what did Bartlett (2003) find that dieting occurs best?
With a target of reducing calorific intake to between 500 and 1000 calories a day, resulting in weight loss of 1-2 lbs a week
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Which psychologists go against this explanation?
Thoman & Stern
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What did Thomas & Stern (1995) find about financial incentives?
They did not promote significant weight loss or help to maintain it
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Which psychologist supports detail?
Redden
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What did ppts have to do in Redden's (2008) study?
Given jelly beans, 1 group given flavour details, and the other given numbered jelly beans, and they had to rate enjoyment level
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What was found?
Enjoyment level was higher among those given flavour details
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Which 3 psychologists support the Restraint Theory?
Ogden, Rudermann & Wilson and Wardle & Beale
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What were dieters/non-dieters in Ogden's (2003) study given?
Either a high or low calorie pre-load taste test, and then had to do a taste preference test
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What was found about dieters who ate the high-calorie pre-load?
They ate more during the taste preference test
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What did Rudermann & Wilson (1979) find about dieters?
They end up eating more than non-dieters
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How did Wardle & Beale (1988) split ppts?
Either diet, exercise or control group
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What was found after 7 weeks of assessing food intake?
Those in the diet condition ate more than those in exercise and conrtol groups
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Which 2 psychologists support the Role of Denial?
Wegner et al and Soetens et al
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What did Wegner et al (1987) ask ppts to do?
To not think about a white bear, but to ring a bell if they did, and others were told to think about it
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What was found?
Those told not to think about the bear rang their bells more often
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How did Soetens et al (2006) divide participants?
Into restrained and unrestrained eaters and were then sub-divided into high or low disinhibition
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Which group used more thought suppression and also showed a rebound effect?
The disinhibited restrained group
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Card 2

Front

Brown and Ogden (2004) found correlations between parents and children in terms of what?

Back

Snack and food intake, eating motivation and body dissatisfaction

Card 3

Front

Who did Meyer and Gast (2008) study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was there a positive correlation between?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Macintyre et al (1998) find to have an effect on eating behaviour also?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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