Eating Behaviour (in depth)

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 12-01-15 19:05
What happens when people are stressed/depressed?
They increase the carbohydrate/fat intake of their meals
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Desribe the Serotonin Hypothesis
Carbohydrates contain tryptophan, used by the brain to produce serotonin. Low levels of serotonin are associated with depression. Therefore, carbohydrate intake increases for an increase in mood
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Describe the Opiate Hypothesis
We have opiate transmitters in the brain that act as synapses with opiate receptors. The opiate is part of the reward pathway in the brain that controls feelings of pleasure
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What in the brain is activated when we eat food?
The reward pathways
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What did Garg et al find in a study?
Pts who watched a sad film consumed 36% more popcorn than those that watched a happy film
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What was the explanation behind Garg et al's study?
Happy people want to maintain their mood, whilst considering the long term, so eat healthy food. Sad people want an immediate burst of euphoria
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What did Davies et al find?
1 hour before a binge, bulimic individuals had a more negative mood than 1 hour before a normal meal
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How does Wegner et al's study compare to Davies et al's study?
The binge itself doesn't alleviate low mood
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Describe Lohman et al's study
Over 1,000 adolescents and mothers, low income families, longitudinal investigation, measured height/weight, BMI, the overweight percentage increased to 56.2% among those suffering from at least 4/5 stressors
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What were the 5 stressors in Lohman et al's study?
Academic problems, drugs/alcohol, poor mental health levels, aggressive behaviour, lack of future orientation
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What were the methodological issues in Lohman et al's study?
Self report, demand characteristics, social desirability, individual differences and cultural bias
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What are the socio-cultural factors that influence eating behaviour?
Values, beliefs, attitudes and expectations
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What did Rozin et al study and what did the study show?
The development of disgust and that it is learned
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What percentage of the toddlers are imitation dog faeces/grasshopper?
62% and 31%
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Body dissatisfaction is most common in... (according to who?)
White women, Powell and Khan
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Who did Ball and Kennedy study, how many, how old were they and where?
Women, (14,000) 18-23, Australia
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What did Dornbusch conclude?
Women of a higher class have a greater desire to be thin and are more likely to diet
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Card 2

Front

Desribe the Serotonin Hypothesis

Back

Carbohydrates contain tryptophan, used by the brain to produce serotonin. Low levels of serotonin are associated with depression. Therefore, carbohydrate intake increases for an increase in mood

Card 3

Front

Describe the Opiate Hypothesis

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What in the brain is activated when we eat food?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Garg et al find in a study?

Back

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