eating studies

  • Created by: Kelseyb
  • Created on: 03-06-16 14:55
Neural mechanisms? (LTQRMZ)
Lashley, teitalbaum, Quaade, Rowland et al, Marie et al, Zhang
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maze, LH leisoned stop eating, VMH, eat to excess
2 of 43
VMH leiosned rats to push bar, less willing if more tries needed
3 of 43
stimulating LH of obese people made hungry
4 of 43
Rowland et al?
injected bombesin into rats brains, reduction in food intake
5 of 43
neuropetide Y into rats brain, even if full still eat
6 of 43
Marie et al?
mice genetically modified not to produce NPY no change in eating to normal mice
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Zhang et al?
defective genes where leptin release didnt happen, lead to obesity
8 of 43
Factors influencing? (GBGTWGWPO)
Gast et al, birch and fisher, garg et al, tice et al, wansink, grundberg + straub, willenbring, popper, oliver
9 of 43
Gast et al?
10-12yr olds, pos correlation between peer influences and eating habits
10 of 43
Birch and fisher
good predictor of daughters eating was mothers dietary restraint and perceived risk of daughter becoming over weight
11 of 43
Garg et al
happy people avoid pleasurable products, sad people consider them uplifting
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Tice et al
p's responded to stress by eating more fattening, unhealthy snacks
13 of 43
sad film more popcorn, comedy, grapes
14 of 43
Grundberg + straub
male p's not stressed more unhealthy, females stressed more unhealthy, gender difference
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p's ate less when stressed
16 of 43
marines during combat ate less
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73% students increased snacking in stress
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bio explanations of AN (BKHF)
Bailer et al ,Kaye et al, Holland et al, Fichter and Pirke
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Bailer et al
highest serotonin activity with AN sufferers which supresses apetite
20 of 43
Kaye et al
AN women, over activity within dopamine receptors within basal ganglia (associated with interpreting pleasure + harm)
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Holland et al
MZ 55% concordance, DZ 7%.
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Fitcher + Pirke
starved 'normals' serotonin levels changed
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Psychological explanations of AN (HLBGV)
Hoek et al, lai et al, becker et al, groesz et al, vitousek + Manke
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Hoek et al
carribbean islamd, acceptable to be overweight, 6 cases of an same range of rates in westernized countries
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Lai et al
an in china increased as cultures became more westernised
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Becker et al
fijan girls greater desire to lose weight after introduction of tv
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Vitousek + Manke
parents of An define needs of child themselves
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Evolutionary explanations of food preference (DLSCSA)
Desor, Logue et al,stefansson, chimpanzees, sandell et al, american academy of paediatrics
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neonates preferred sweet foods compared to bitter
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Logue et al
human tongue has specific receptoors for recognising sweetness not any others
31 of 43
copper inuits disgusted by taste of sugar when first tried
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when coming close to starvation, eat fattiest parts of brain
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Sandell et al
those with sensitive version of gene to bitter foods rated vegetables containing mild toxin as 60% more bitter than those with insensitive
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neonates can only injest milk and have inate preference for sweet tastes and distsate for bitter but meat has to be introduced
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success + failure of dieting (WWHRBMK)
Wardles et al, wagner, herman and mack, redden et al, bartlett, miller-kovach, kiernan
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wardles et al
women in dieting group ate more than other groups
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white bear
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herman and mack
dieters consumed more in taste test if given high calorie snack
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redden et al
jelly bean, p's bored if only given general not details
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dieting success best occurs target reducing 500-1000 calories per day
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weigh watchers superior to infividual dieting over 2 years
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people who were more disatisfied with body at baseline more likely to succeed.
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maze, LH leisoned stop eating, VMH, eat to excess

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Rowland et al?


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