Eating Behaviour Studies

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Mumford et al.
found more body dissatisfaction amongst Asian schoolgirls
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Ball and Kennardy
14,000 white Australians of different backgrounds. The longer they resided, the more similar their eating habits.
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Powell and Khan
suggests body dissatisfaction and eating disorders are characteristic of white ethnicity.
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Brown and Ogden
correlations between parents and their kids in terms of snack intake.
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Meyer and Gast
peers most important in terms of food preferences, being likable is the most influential factor
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Maintyre et al.
media can affect what we eat and our attitudes.
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Birch and Fisher
mothers dietry constraint and perception of the risks of the daughters becoming overweight.
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Strigel-Moore
there is a drive for thinness amongst black girls than white girls.
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Hetherington and Ranson (1942)
lesions to the hypothalamus causes rats to change their eating behaviour. VMH causes obesity.
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Anard and Brobeck (1951)
lesions to LH causes loss of appetite
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Cummings et al. (2004)
ghrelin increases food intake and body weight in animals and humans. Ghrelin correlates with hunger.
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Friedman
studied levels of leptin in mice. If mice missing gene that produces leptin- eats continuously.
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Becket (2002)
studied eating attitudes and behaviours among Fijian girls in 1995 following the introduction of TV. Found that girls wanted to lose weight, shows western tv does influence eating behaviour.
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Halmi (2000)
correlation between perfectionism and AN. Looked at individuals with a history of anorexia, were measured highly on the multidimensional perfectionism scale, very highly compared to the control group.
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Bailer et al. (1970)
comparison of serotonin levels in AN and normal people. Higher serotonin levels leads to higher chance of AN.
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Garfinkel and Brobeck (1982)
disturbed hypothalamus causes AN. Causes LH or VMH to be constantly activated. AN most likely when LH is damaged.
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Wardle and Beales
27 obese women into either diet group, exercise group or non-treatment group for 7 months. Intake and appetite assessed. Women in diet group ate more.
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Redden
137 participants, 22 jelly beans, eaten one at a time, different information given, one basic and one detailed. Bored so failed if the information was basic.
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Wegner (1987)
Theory of ironic proccesses or denial. e.g. trying not to think about the forbidden food leads to failure of the diet.
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Herman and Polivy
devised the boundary model.
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Herman and Mack
Restraint theory will lead to weight gain as when not eating and suddenly eating, leads to massive increase in intake of food they are trying to avoid.
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Gibson and Wardle
4/5 year olds prefer highly calorific fruit when given the option
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Stanford
Stanford found chimps that were starved for the best part of a year, went straight for the fattiest part of the meat.
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Mindila (2008)
900 people aged 5-50 given bitter foods. TA52K38 gene more sensitive to bitter foods, suggests we have evolved to have a preference for non bitter foods.
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Garcia et al.
rats avoid food associated with illness. Such as rotting and bitter food, suggests innate survival mechanism present.
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14,000 white Australians of different backgrounds. The longer they resided, the more similar their eating habits.

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Ball and Kennardy

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suggests body dissatisfaction and eating disorders are characteristic of white ethnicity.

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Card 4

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correlations between parents and their kids in terms of snack intake.

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Card 5

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peers most important in terms of food preferences, being likable is the most influential factor

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