Earthquakes-Case studies

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What is the place of the rich earthquake occurrence?
L'Aquila , Italy
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Whats the date?
6th April 2009
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What the size?
6.3
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Whats the cause?
Movement along a crack in the plate at a destructive margin
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What are the 2 preparations?
1)There are laws on the construction standards, but some modern buildings hadn't been built to withstand earthquakes. 2)Italy has a Civil Protection Department that trains volunteers to help with things like rescue operations
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What are the 5 primrary effects?
1)Around 290 deaths-collapsed buildings 2)Hundreds of people were injured 3)Thousands of buildings were damaged or destroyed 4)Thousands of people were made homeless 5)A bridge near the town of Fossa collapsedand a water pipe was broken near Paganica
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What were the 3 secondary effects?
1)Aftershocks hampered rescue efforts and caused more damage 2)Fires in some collapsed buildings caused more damage 3)The broken water pipe near the town of Paganica caused landslides
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What were the 3 immediate responses?
Camps were set up for homeless people with water, food and medical care 2)Ambulances, fire engines and the army were sent in to rescue survivors 3)Cranes and diggers were used to remove rubble
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What were the 2 immediate responses?
4)International teams with rescue dogs were sent in to look for survivors 5) Money was provided by the government to pay rent , and gas and electricity bills were suspeneded
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What were the 2 long term responses?
1)The Italian prime minister promised to build a new town to replace L'Aquila as the capital of the area 2) An investigation is going on to look into why the modern buildings were not built to withstand earthquakes
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What is the place of the poor earthquake?
Kashmir, Pakistan
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What is the date?
8th October 2005
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What is the size?
7.6 on the Richter scale
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What is the cause?
Movement along a crack in the plate at a destructive margin
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What are the three preparations ?
1)No local disaster planning was in place 2)Buildings were not designed to be earthquake resistant 3)Communications were poor.There were few roads and they were badly constructed
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What are the two primary effects?
1)Around 80 000 deaths, mostly from collapsed buildings 2)Hundreds of thousands of people injured 3)Entire villages and thousands of buildings were destroyed 4)Around 3 million people were made homeless 5)Cutting of electricity and water supply
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What are the two immediate responses?
1)Help didn't reach many areas for days or weeks.People were rescued by hand without any equipment or help from emergency services. 2)Tents,blankets and medical supplies were distributed within a month, but not all areas effects
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Give one immediate response?
International aid and equipment such as helicopters and rescue dogs were bought in, as well as teams of people from other countries
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What are the two long term responses?
1)Around 40000 people have bee relocated to a new town from the destroyed town of Balakot 2) Government money has been given to people whose homes had been destroyed so they can rebuild themselves.
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What are the two long term responses?
3)Training has been provided to help rebuild more buildings as earthquake resistant 4)New health centres have been set up in the area
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Whats the date?

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6th April 2009

Card 3

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What the size?

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Card 4

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Whats the cause?

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Card 5

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What are the 2 preparations?

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