Earthquake MEDC Case Study

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Location of MEDC earthquake?
East coast Japan
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When was the earthquake?
11th March 2011
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What were the characteristics of the earthquake?
9.3 magnitude, epicentre 130km east from Sendai
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What was the cause of the earthquake?
Japan sits on a subductive plate boundary where the pacific plate is being subducted beneath the eurasion plate.
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What were the primary effects of the earthquake?
16,000 killed, 6000 injured, 130,000 homes destroyed. Parts of Japan were shifted 2.4m east and a 400km stretch of coastline dropped by 0.6m.
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What were the secondary effects of the earthquake?
Shipping disrupted due to destruction of ports; damaged transport links; Tsunami caused by earthquake damaged nuclear power plant; Japan's GDP decreased by 3.7% due to $300 billion worth of damage.
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What were the immediate responses?
Warnings were broadcast by radio, phone and television; military aircraft were sent to survey the damage within 30 minutes of the earthquake; 450,000 people were in evacuation shelters.
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What were the long-term responses?
Rebuild infrastructure; repair and reopen transport links; energy water supply and telecommunications reconstructed.
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How well was Japan prepared?
Japan is a More Economically Developed Country(MEDC), therefore it can afford systems to predict earthquakes and broadcast warnings. Earthquake drills are as routine as fire drills and so people are prepared for the event of an earthquake.
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When was the earthquake?

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11th March 2011

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What were the characteristics of the earthquake?

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Card 4

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What was the cause of the earthquake?

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Card 5

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What were the primary effects of the earthquake?

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