Earthquake (and Tsunami) Examples

HideShow resource information
Example of earthquake in developed country
Tohuku, Japan, 2011 - magnitude 9, caused a 9.3m high tsunami, in a country with HDI 0.88
1 of 15
Japan - impacts on people?
16,000 deaths (lower than that expected of such a powerful earthquake). Warning came 1 minute before the tsunami. 46,000 buildings destroyed.
2 of 15
Japan - impacts on economy?
US$300b in economic costs, repairing buildings, ports, electricity and roads.
3 of 15
Japan - impacts on energy policy?
The Fukushima nuclear power plant was damaged, releasing dangerous radiation (exclusion zone). In 2010 Japan generated 27% of power from nuclear but just 1% in 2013, the cost of electricity and government debt rose. Germany stopped its nuclear power.
4 of 15
Example of earthquake in emerging country
Sichuan, China, 2008 - magnitude 7.9, in rural region of country with HDI 0.73
5 of 15
China - impacts on people?
69,000 deaths. 375,000 injured. Some buildings were poorly constructed due to corruption at a local/regional scale despite overall development.
6 of 15
China - impacts on economy?
US$140b economic cost, due to fairly well developed housing/infrastructure.
7 of 15
China - impacts on environment?
1/3 of deaths caused by the landslides that occurred (which also damaged the environment)
8 of 15
Example of earthquake in developing country
Haiti, 2010 - conservative fault triggered earthquake of magnitude 7.0 in country with low HDI of 0.48, occurred very close to capital Port-au-Prince
9 of 15
Haiti - impacts on people?
160,000 to 230,000 deaths. 1.5m homeless. 250,000 homes destroyed. Cholera outbreak killed 9,000.
10 of 15
Haiti - impacts on economy?
Economic cost of US$14b (10% of China). Only airport and several ports/main roads damaged (crucial aid couldn't arrive or be distributed, slowing rescue efforts).
11 of 15
Haiti - impacts on politics?
1/4 of government officials killed and key buildings destroyed (hard to organise relief and recovery efforts)
12 of 15
Example of tsunami in developing countries
Indian Ocean Tsunami, 2010 - 24m high waves caused by 9.2 magnitude earthquake
13 of 15
Indian Ocean - impacts on people?
About 300,000 deaths across over 10 countries (mainly in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India and Thailand). 125,000 injured. 1.7m displaced.
14 of 15
Indian Ocean - impacts on economy?
Economic losses of US$15b.
15 of 15

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Japan - impacts on people?

Back

16,000 deaths (lower than that expected of such a powerful earthquake). Warning came 1 minute before the tsunami. 46,000 buildings destroyed.

Card 3

Front

Japan - impacts on economy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Japan - impacts on energy policy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Example of earthquake in emerging country

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Tectonic Processes and Hazards resources »