Dysfunctional Behaviour

Answers to: Discuss limitations of diagnosing dysfunctional behaviour (15)
2x CREECC (claim, reason, evidence, evaluative comment, counter argument and conclusion) 
1x CREC (claim, reason, evidence, comment)  

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Claim
A limitation of diagnosing dysfunctional behaviour is the ethical issues.
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Reason
When diagnosing patients, they may be labelled with a disorder.
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Evidence
For example, the DSM uses a 5 multi-axial categorisation system which is used to diagnose patients with.
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Evaluative Comment
By labelling someone, their individuality is taken away and individual differences are not considered as diagnosis for ease is nomothetic.
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Evaluative Comment pt 2
This can cause psychological and possibly physical harm, due to possible discrimination due to their label and/or incorrect drug prescription
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Counter Argument
On the other hand, diagnostic manuals are needed for consistent diagnosis to aid reliability and makes treatment more effective and somewhat easier.
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Conclusion
Therefore we should be conscious of the effects of labelling people with mental disorders when diagnosing dysfunctional behaviour.
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Claim
A limitation of diagnosing dysfunctional behaviour is that it can often lead to biases in diagnosis.
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Reason
This is because certain genders/ethnicities are more likely to be diagnosed with certain disorders
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Evidence
Ford and Widiger's study shows that females were disproportionally diagnosed with Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD) than Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD) whereas males were less likely to be diagnosed with HPD (46% females to 15% males)
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Evaluative Comment
This happens because clinicians are often biased towards stereotypical gender views in their diagnosis of dysfunctional behaviour.
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Counter Argument
However, the balanced case histories in the study showed that there was no relationship between gender and subsequent diagnosis of either HPD or APD.
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Conclusion
Therefore it may be the clinician that is biased, rather than the system(s), and thus there is a greater need for the enhanced clinical training using the diagnostic tools rather than a revised system of diagnosing dysfunctional behaviour.
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Claim
A limitation of diagnosing dysfunctional behaviour is that it is nomothetic.
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Reason
This is because the behaviour is grouped and so therefore generalised, not allowing for individual differences.
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Evidence
Rosenhan and Seligman's 4 definitions of dysfunctional behaviour list all the categories of someone with dysfunctional behaviour, not taking into account any other potential factors.
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Comment
Being nomothetic means that and individual differences are not taking into account, potentially increasing the risk of misdiagnosis.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When diagnosing patients, they may be labelled with a disorder.

Back

Reason

Card 3

Front

For example, the DSM uses a 5 multi-axial categorisation system which is used to diagnose patients with.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

By labelling someone, their individuality is taken away and individual differences are not considered as diagnosis for ease is nomothetic.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

This can cause psychological and possibly physical harm, due to possible discrimination due to their label and/or incorrect drug prescription

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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