Dysfunctional Family Relationships

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What does the DFR explanation say causes schizophrenia?
Early childhood traumas such as dysfunctional family relationships
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What happens when a child experiences trauma that can lead to Schizophrenia?
The trauma is repressed using defence mechanisms
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What happens when trauma is repressed by defence mechanisms?
A unconscious conflict is created that manifests in adulthood
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What happens to children with poor family relationships?
Their perception of reality and interactions can be effected
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What is the result of changed perceptions of reality in childhood?
If followed on into adulthood, schizophrenia will develop because the foundations of the mind are defective
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What are three types of family dysfunction?
Schizophenogenic Mother, Double-bind Hypothesis and Expressed Emotion
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Who coined the idea of the Schizophrenogenic Mother?
Fromm-Reichman
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What is a Schizophrenogenic Mother?
A mother who is domineering and insensitive towards her child
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Is a Schizophrenogenic Mother over-protective or rejecting?
She is both
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Describe a Schizophrenogenic Mothers actions
Actions are contradictory, she can be verbally accepting but behaviourally rejecting
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What does contradictory actions in the Mother result in?
A faulty line of communication between mother and child
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What does faulty lines of communication cause?
An onset of schizophrenia in adulthood
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Who developed the idea of the Double-bind hypothesis?
Bateson et al
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How does double-bind communication cause a child to feel?
Confused and Suspicious
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Who developed the idea of Expressed Emotion?
Brown et al
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What does Expressed Emotion mean?
How the family interactions affect the development of schizophrenia
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What did brown et al look at?
The progress of schizophrenics after they were released back to their families from hospital
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How were families classes by Brown et al?
As having high expressed emotion or low expressed emotion
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What constitutes a high expressed emotion family?
Families that express high levels of concern or hostility towards sufferer
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What percentage of patients relapsed with high EE families compared to low EE?
58% compared to 10%
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Have the findings of Brown et al's study been replicated?
Yes
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What happens when a child experiences trauma that can lead to Schizophrenia?

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The trauma is repressed using defence mechanisms

Card 3

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What happens when trauma is repressed by defence mechanisms?

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Card 4

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What happens to children with poor family relationships?

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Card 5

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What is the result of changed perceptions of reality in childhood?

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