Dynamics

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  • Created by: alicem
  • Created on: 28-07-13 09:21
pf
pianoforte
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fp
fortepiano
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fz
forzando
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fff
fortississimo
4 of 17
ff
fortissimo
5 of 17
f
forte
6 of 17
mp
mezzo piano
7 of 17
mf
mezzo forte
8 of 17
p
piano
9 of 17
pp
pianissimo
10 of 17
ppp
pianoissississimo
11 of 17
Dynamics
refers to strength (or force) of sound and hence volume
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Stylistic Indicators
- Dolce (sweet) - Cantabile (singing style) - Con forza (with gusto/force) - Tranquillo (Tranquil) - Rubato (playing around with time) - Various tempo changes
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Dynamics also include
Accented notes
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Terrace dynamics
Dynamic volume levels shift abruptly from soft to loud and back without gradual crescendos and decrescendos
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Changes in volume
Crescendo/decrescendo
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Instrumental techniques
glissando (sliding between notes) con sordino (mute) distortion guitar pedal effects Portamento (glissando but for voice)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

fp

Back

fortepiano

Card 3

Front

fz

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

fff

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

ff

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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