Durkheim, positivism and suicide.

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  • Created by: ncs1997
  • Created on: 14-04-15 13:19
What 3 features does Lukes argue social facts have?
They are external to individuals. They constrain individuals. They are greater than individuals.
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Durkheim believes the suicide rate is a social fact. What 4 patterns did he notice in 19th century European city's suicide rates?
Suicide rates in each area remained mostly constant. When rates did change, they coincided with other things. Different societies have different rates. Rates varied between social groups.
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What are the 2 social facts that Durkheim believes determine the rate of suicide?
Social integration - the extent to which individuals feel part of a group. Moral regulation - extent to which individuals actions and desires are kept in check by norms and values.
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What are Durkheim's 4 types of suicide?
Egoistic - too little social integration, excessive individualism. Altruistic - too much social integration, e.g. sati. Anomic - too little moral regulation, unsure of what society expects e.g. economic slump. Fatalistic - too much moral regulation.
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Which types of suicide are found in which types of society?
Modern societies - egoistic and anomic. Traditional societies - altruistic and fatalistic.
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Halbwachs
Mostly agrees with Durkheim, but also added that differences between urban and rural was the main reason for variations in suicide rates
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Gibbs and Martin
Argue Durkheim doesn't operationalise his concept of integration. The statistics he used were unreliable.
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Card 2

Front

Suicide rates in each area remained mostly constant. When rates did change, they coincided with other things. Different societies have different rates. Rates varied between social groups.

Back

Durkheim believes the suicide rate is a social fact. What 4 patterns did he notice in 19th century European city's suicide rates?

Card 3

Front

Social integration - the extent to which individuals feel part of a group. Moral regulation - extent to which individuals actions and desires are kept in check by norms and values.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Egoistic - too little social integration, excessive individualism. Altruistic - too much social integration, e.g. sati. Anomic - too little moral regulation, unsure of what society expects e.g. economic slump. Fatalistic - too much moral regulation.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Modern societies - egoistic and anomic. Traditional societies - altruistic and fatalistic.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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