DSM and ICD

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  • Created by: Steff06
  • Created on: 31-05-16 08:34
Who was the ICD published by?
The World Health Organisation (WHO).
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Who is the ICD used by?
Used in many countries throughout the world.
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What can it help to diagnose?
Can diagnose both physical and mental conditions.
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Where can a description of disorders be found?
In ICD-10, each disorder has a description of its main features and any important associated features.
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What is an issue with ICD-10?
It is only a snapshot of dysfunctional behaviour and as cultures change, criterias and definitions must be revised.
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What does the diagnostic section indicate?
Indicates how many of each feature and the balance required between different types of features are needed to make an accurate diagnosis.
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What does tentative mean?
When a diagnosis is less certain due to some ambiguities.
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What is each disorder given?
Each disorder is given a code. The numerical coding of 001-099 in ICD-9 has been replaced by A00-Z99 which gives more possible categories.
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What do the categories include?
Dementia, schizophrenia, mood (affective) disorders, personality disorders.
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What was used before publication of the DSM and what for?
Field trials were used before publication to compare the DSM-III with the DMS-IV and the ICD-10.
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What does the DSM-IV now recognise its limitations by calling itself?
Calls itself a manual of mental disorders as this implies a mind/body split that may not exist.
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Where is this manual mainly used?
Mainly used in the USA.
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What is there an attempt to do?
Attempt to highlight the ethnic diversity of the US population.
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What is the major difference between ICD-10 and DSM-IV?
DSM is a multi-axial tool
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What do clinicians have to consider?
Consider whether the disorder is from axis 1 (clinical disorders) or axis 2 (personality disorders).
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What is then also considered about the patient?
The patient's general physical condition is considered and any environmental or social problems.
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What is this used to assess?
Used to assess the patient's functioning on a scale of 1-100.
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Which manual is more holistic?
The DSM is more holistic, where as the ICD is rather reductionist in criteria-based diagnoses.
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What would many clinicians do?
Many clinicians would use the 2 diagnostic tools side by side before diagnosing a patient.
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What are examples of the DSM-IV's classifications?
Learning disorders, communication disorders, dementia, substance-related disorders, sleep disorders, sexual and gender identity disorders.
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Card 2

Front

Who is the ICD used by?

Back

Used in many countries throughout the world.

Card 3

Front

What can it help to diagnose?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where can a description of disorders be found?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is an issue with ICD-10?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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