drugs for high blood pressure

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  • Created by: Gemma
  • Created on: 20-05-14 09:59
What are ACE inhibitors?
Used to reduce vaso-constriction
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What are some side effects of ACE inhibitors?
Arrythmia and rapid decrease in blood flow
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What are Beta blockers?
They slow down the heart rate, by making the heart beat more slowly
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What are some side effects of BB?
Possible diabetes link
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What are Calcium Channel blockers?
They prevent calcium ions from reaching the heart muscles in order to reduce muscle contraction + therefore reduce vaso-constriction
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What are some side effects of Calcium channel blockers?
Constipation + arrythmia
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What are diruetics?
These drugs increase urine production, which lowers blood plasma volume + therefore lowers b.p.
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What are some side effects of diuretics?
Nausea + Dizziness
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What are statins used for?
They are used to block the enzyme which is responsible for cholesterol production + therefore reduce risk of CVD/ Stroke
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What are side effects of statins?
Kidney damage + liver failure
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What is an example of an anticoagulant ?
Warfarin
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What is the role of an anticoagulant?
Reduces chance of a blood clot
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Side effects of anticoagulants?
Risk of uncontrolled bleeding
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What is an example of a platelet inhibitory drug?
Aspirin
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What is the role of a platelet inhibitory drug?
To reduce the stickiness of platelets
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What are some side effects of platelet inhibitory drugs?
Irritates stomach lining + causes serious stomach bleeding
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What is coronary angioplastin?
1. insert a catheter via leg/arm 2. guided by x-ray 3. when reaches blocked artery, the balloon is inflated which expands the artery lumen + squashes plaque 4. May need to support with a stent
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Why would old people who have high b.p. be given antihypertensives
High blood pressure can cause CVD/atherosclerosis + older people are more at risk of CVD
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What are some side effects of ACE inhibitors?

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Arrythmia and rapid decrease in blood flow

Card 3

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What are Beta blockers?

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Card 4

Front

What are some side effects of BB?

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Card 5

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What are Calcium Channel blockers?

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