Drugs and medicine

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What is a drug?
A chemical which alters the functioning of the body
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What are the two main types of drugs?
Medicinial- they treat/ prevent diseas and recreational-they alter the way you feel
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What are the three categories of recreation drugs?
Stimulants, depressants and hallucinogens
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What is a stimulant and some examples?
Stimulants make you feel alert. Many of them are addictive- caffeine, nicotine, cocaine
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What is a depressant and some examples?
Depressants slow down you reactions- alcohol, heroine
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What is a hallucinogen and some examples?
Hallucinogens changes the way you hear and see things. They make music and colours more intense but can cause panic attacks- Cannabis/ Marijuana, acid, magic mushrooms
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What are some examples of medicinal drugs?
Aspirin, Ibuprofen
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What effect does cannabis have on your body?
It makes you relaxed and talkative and makes music and colours more instense. It can also cause panic attacks. Cannabis smoke contains more toxins than smoke and regular users have more lung damage
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What effect does alcohol have on your body?
Slows down your reactions and makes you more agressive and more likely to take risks. Binge drinking makes you more likely to get liver damage or heart disease
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How many units of alcohol can men and women drink without damaging their health?
Men- 4 units, Women- 3 units
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What is binge drinking?
When you drink more than the amounts (men-4 units, women-3 units) in one day
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What effect does smoking have on the body?
It is very harmful to your health- it causes lung cancer and increases your risk of heart disease.
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Why might people start smoking?
They might give in to peer pressure as all their friends are doing it and they want to fit in. Also people think it is attractive and cool
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Why is smoking hard to quit?
It is very addictive
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What part of your body does alcohol and smoking both affect?
Your brain
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What is peer pressure?
Pressure exerted by a group of people in encouraging a person to change their attitude and/or morals
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What is a peer?
Someone of the same age, status, interest etc.
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How can peer pressure work in a positive way?
It can encourage you to start drinking, smoking and taking drugs as you are trying to fit in with the crowd. These are all bad for your health
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How can peer pressure work in a negative way?
You are your friends can pressure each other into some things that will improve your health and social life and make you feel good about the decisions you mak such as :be nice, respect others, be honest, work hard, exersise together, avoid alcohol a.
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When is a transplant needed?
When an organ is failing or damaged
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What does a donor need to be for a transplant?
Tissue matches
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Why does a donor need to be tissue matched for a transplant?
To avoid rejection
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What can be donated for transplants?
Blood. bone marrow, heart, liver, kidney
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Why are stem cells being used?
Organs are in short supply and many people die while waiting for one
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What are stem cells?
Unspecialised cells-they can turn into different types of cells, possible forming a new tissue or organ
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How do stem cells make new tissues?
By dividing
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What are the two types of stem cells?
Embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells
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Are embryonic or adult stem cells better and why?
Embryonic stem cells because they can form any type of cell, whereas adult ones can only form a few types of cell
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Where are embryonic stem cells taken from?
Embyros grown in dishes
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What are adult stem cells taken from and what is the benefit of this?
These are taken from the patient thus stop rejection
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What are some problems of transplanting embryonic stem cells into adult humans?(1)
-As embyros develop, their stem cells sense where they are and what sort of cells to produce. It is hard to make them do this when they are transplanted into an adult. -Patients need to take drugs to stop immune system from attacking the new cells
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What are some problems of transplanting embryonic stem cells into adult humans? (2)
Sometimes the stem cells wont stop dividing- so a cancer form which can kill, embryos are used in research, stem cell therapy is still experimental
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Card 2

Front

What are the two main types of drugs?

Back

Medicinial- they treat/ prevent diseas and recreational-they alter the way you feel

Card 3

Front

What are the three categories of recreation drugs?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a stimulant and some examples?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a depressant and some examples?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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