Drug Addiction

What is the drug most commonly taken?
Marijuana
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Which is the most dangerous drug?
Heroin
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Which system does alcohol not interact with?
Amygdala
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Which two drugs have depressant effects?
Alcohol and marijuana
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Where does nicotine stimulate dopamine neutrons?
Mesolimbic areas
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Which drug blocks dopamine reuptake?
Cocaine
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Which drugs have stimulant effects?
Nicotine, amphetamines, cocaine
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Which drugs have opioid effects?
Heroin and morphine
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How long can heroin withdrawal last?
72 hours
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Which drugs have hallucinogen effects?
LSD, ecstasy, PCP
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What is the DSM-5 diagnosis?
Substance use disorder
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What is the DSM-4 diagnosis?
Substance abuse/dependence
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What is the prevalence of substance use disorder?
35%+
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What is considered as mild severity?
2-3 of the criteria
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What is considered as moderate severity?
4-5 of the criteria
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What is considered as severe severity?
6+ of the criteria
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What percentage of alcoholics smoke?
85%
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Where can the two cannabinoid brain receptors (CB1 and CB2) be found?
Hippocampus
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Which system to nearly all drugs stimulate?
Dopamine
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What is incentive sensitisation?
Dopamine system becomes sensitive to all cues associated with drugs
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What percentage of alcoholics receive treatment?
25%
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What is addiction defined as?
Having a severe substance abuse disorder
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Which is the most dangerous drug?

Back

Heroin

Card 3

Front

Which system does alcohol not interact with?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Which two drugs have depressant effects?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Where does nicotine stimulate dopamine neutrons?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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