Drainage basin- Flows and Processes.

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Surface Runoff
Where the water flows over the land. It can flow over the entire surface or in little channels. Mostly common in arid areas where torrential rain falls on hard baked land.
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Throughfall ( Trees)
Where water drips from one leaf to another.
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Stemflow
Water running down a plant stem or a tree trunk.
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Throughfall
Water moves slowly downhill through the soil. It occurs much faster through pipes, cracks in the soil or animal burrows.
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Infilltration
Water soaking into the soil. The rate of infiltration can be affected by the soil structure, soil type and saturation of the soil.
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Percolation
Water seeping down through the soil into the water table.
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Groundwater flow
Water flowing slowly below the water table through permeable rock. Rocks are highly permeable will have a faster groundwater flow.
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Baseflow
This is groundwater flow that feeds into rivers through river banks and river beds
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Interflow
Water that flows downhill through permeable rock above the water table.
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Channel Flow
Water flowing in the river/stream itself. A.K.A river discharge
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Where water drips from one leaf to another.

Back

Throughfall ( Trees)

Card 3

Front

Water running down a plant stem or a tree trunk.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Water moves slowly downhill through the soil. It occurs much faster through pipes, cracks in the soil or animal burrows.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Water soaking into the soil. The rate of infiltration can be affected by the soil structure, soil type and saturation of the soil.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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