Domestic Violence

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Why was Domestic Violence not Considered a Crime?
It was generally accepted both by law and society that husbunds had the right to beat their wives and children. It was seen as part of the problem of 'Drunkness and Disorder'.
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What was the 'Rule of Thumb'?
The belief that a man could beat his wife with a stick, so long as it was no thicker than his thumb. This was an acceptable level of violence.
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Why wasn't Domestic Violence Considered a Crime before 1976?
Women were too scared to speak out, Society's attitudes towards women, Laws were enforeced by men (most policemen and judges were male), Laws were made by men, The belief that law should not apply to private family life.
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When were Women given equal Voting Rights?
1928. This meant women's concerns became increasingly more important to trying to win elections.
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When did Discrimination against Women become Illegal?
1975.
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How did the Media lead to Change?
Newspapapers and news programmes reported more incidents of domestic violence and the work of campaign groups.Soap Operas such as Eastenders and Brookside also helped to publicise domestic violence.
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How did Female Political Power lead to Change?
Since women were able to become politicians, it was very important to win women's votes.
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How did New State Roles lead to Change?
It became more acceptable for the state to interfere in 'private' lives if it needed to - for example, to protect children, give unemployed people financial support and give everyone free healthcare on the NHS.
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How did Campaing Groups lead to Change?
Women's rights groups raised public awareness and put preassure on the Government to change the law. Examples include Chiswick Women's Aid (1971) and National Women's Aid Federation (1974).
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Who was Jack Ashley?
The first MP to raise the issue of domestic violence in Parliment in 1971.
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Who was Erin Pizzey?
Set up Chiswick Women's Aid in 1971.
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What was the 1976 Domestic Violence Act?
Victimes of domestic violence could get protection orders from the courts, which meant an abuser could not return home.
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When did Rape within Marriage become Illegal?
1991.
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What was the 1996 'The Family Law Act'?
Gave victims more protection. Arrests became automatic in England and Wales where violence had been used or threatened.
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What was the 2004 Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act?
Male and female victims were given the same protection. The powers of the police and courts to act increased.
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Who Resisted Domestic Violence Laws?
Some members of the police and some judges.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the 'Rule of Thumb'?

Back

The belief that a man could beat his wife with a stick, so long as it was no thicker than his thumb. This was an acceptable level of violence.

Card 3

Front

Why wasn't Domestic Violence Considered a Crime before 1976?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When were Women given equal Voting Rights?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When did Discrimination against Women become Illegal?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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