Domestic policies in Russia, Local Government

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What did Alexander II need to change?
Emancipation had removed gentry's legal basis for controlling serfs
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What was set up in 1864?
Local Zemstovs set up
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What was wrong with them?
unrepresentative
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What did they focus on?
improvements only, public health, roads
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What else was wrong with it?
not in all areas, especially provinces/nationalities such as Poland
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What is it similar to?
Nicholas
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Who is it different to?
Alexander III
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What did Alexander III reduce?
electorate to Zemtvos
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What did this mean?
more gentry, less peasants
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What was introduced?
land captains to replace Justices of the peace in 1889
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What did this increase?
efficiency
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What did it decrease?
corruption
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What happened to Zemstvo boards?
they became government officials
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How did he disagree with his fathers' plans?
to allow minimal constitution change by allowing 15 appointed representatives on the Tsar appointed Senate
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What did the Zemstva help?
famine response 1891
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What happened to Zemstva spending?
on health, poor relief and agriculture advice doubled 1906-1912
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What was reintroduced?
Elected magistrates
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What was Zemstva allowed after Bloody Sunday?
national congress
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What did this allow?
them to hold a meeting to disucss political rforms
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What did the Zemstva extention extend to?
nationalities vetoed
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Under Lenin, what was the Zemstva undermined by?
Soviets and disbanded as counter-revolutionary and bourgeoise
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What happened to power?
centralised power to keep control
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What did the Soviets become a part of?
democratic centralism
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Who could be elected?
bolsheviks
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Under Stalin, who controlled central bureaucracy?
Local soviets
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Who could only be elected to Soviets?
Communist party Soviets
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was set up in 1864?

Back

Local Zemstovs set up

Card 3

Front

What was wrong with them?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did they focus on?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What else was wrong with it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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