Domestic labour and decision making

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What are Parsons' (1955) instrumental and expressive roles?
Instrumental- Husband, success at work, breadwinner. Expressive- Wife, primary socialistion of children and emotional needs. Division of labour is based on biological differences.
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What does Edgell (1980) believe about decision making in the home?
Women are primarily responsible for decisions in 'relatively unimportant' areas and men are responsible for decisions in 'very important areas'.
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What did Graham's (1984) study conclude about women after divorce?
He studied women who were claiming benefits after divorce and found that 1/2 of the women were better off on benefits than when they were married.
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What did the MORI Survey (2000) conclude?
Decisions on major spending (over £1000) were only made jointly in 53% of cases.
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Explain Pahl and Vogler's (1993) view on spending.
They believe that the reason that men dominate decision making and resources is that they are generally full time breadwinners.
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What do Pahl and Vogler state are the two types of control over finances?
1. Pooling- Joint decision. 2. Allowance system- Women are given money for domestic tasks.
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Explain Elizabeth Bott's (1957) joint and segregated conjugal roles.
She believes that segregated roles are present in homes and this is when there is a very clear division between the amount and the actual tasks undergone by each person. Joint roles are shared to a much greater degree.
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Young and Willmott did a study that supports Elizabeth Bott's view on conjugal roles. Explain this study.
They studied working class families in Bethnal Green in the 1950s and found a pattern of segregated conjugal roles that was gradually becoming a 'partnership of equals'.
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What do Young and Willmott believe about Industrialisation?
They believe that it caused a massive change in society and caused roles to be more equal and caused men to help out more.
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What is the Dual Burden concept put forward by Ferri and Smith (1996)?
Women are in paid employment but are still expected to do domestic work within the home.
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What is the Triple Shift concept put forward by Hochschild (1983)?
Women are expected to take on employment, domestic and emotional tasks.
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Some state that women working is not leading to an equal division of labour. Discuss how Browne's (2008) view supports this.
She believes that women are expected to take on multiple roles and women are seen as unreliable in the workplace. They are often the ones that sacrifice their careers for children.
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Some state that women working is not leading to an equal division of labour. Discuss how Gatrell's (2004) view supports this.
Highly qualified women are often discriminated against after returning to work after maternity leave.
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What does the Women's Aid Federation (2008) define domestic violence as?
Physical, psychological, sexual or financial violence that takes place within the immediate/intimate family.
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State some domestic violence statistics.
2 women die every week in the UK due to domestic violence. Men aged 20-24 are just as likely to be victims as women. 1970s- first women's refuge, 2001- first men's refuge. 1/4 women in UK subjected to domestic violence.
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State some criticisms of the viability of domestic violence statistics.
Not all cases get reported, often seen as a 'social construction', Yearnshire (1997)- on average women suffer 35 assults before going to the police.
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What does Wilkinson (1996) believe about domestic violence?
They believe that it is related to social inequalities in society. Working class women are more likely to experience domestic violence compared to middle class women- have more anger to take out on their wife.
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What do Dobash and Dobash believe about domestic violence and how does it support the Radical Feminist explanation?
They found that violence was triggered when husbands felt their authority was being challenged. They conclude that marriage legitimates violence by giving power to them.
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What is the radical feminist explanation of domestic violence?
They see domestic violence as the result of patriarchy. Men oppress women, mainly through the family, where they benefit from women's unpaid domestic labour and sexual services. They also dominate the state which explains why the police and courts
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What is the radical feminist explanation of domestic violence?(2)
fail to take domestic violence seriously.
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How does Elliot (1996) criticise the radical feminist explanation of domestic violence?
He states that men do not benefit from domestic violence against women and not all men are aggressive. Most men are against domestic violence.
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Which sociologists believe that marriage is linked to domestic violence?
Firestone (1970) and Millett (1970).
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Describe Wilkinson and Pickett's materialist explanation of domestic violence.
It focuses on economic and material factors, and it is a result of stress being placed on families due to social inequality. Those on low incomes or living in overcrowded accommodation are likely to experience high levels of stress.
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What do Wilkinson and Pickett believe causes a lack of social support?
A lack of money and time which restricts an individual's social circle.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does Edgell (1980) believe about decision making in the home?

Back

Women are primarily responsible for decisions in 'relatively unimportant' areas and men are responsible for decisions in 'very important areas'.

Card 3

Front

What did Graham's (1984) study conclude about women after divorce?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did the MORI Survey (2000) conclude?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Explain Pahl and Vogler's (1993) view on spending.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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