DNA replication key words

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1. What is a gene?

  • a base sequence that codes for amino acids or functional RNA
  • the full range of proteins a cell can produce
  • amino acid chains
  • a sequence of bases on mRNA that correspond to a specific amino acid or stop signal
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2. What are the sequences within a gene that code for an amino acid>

  • exons
  • genomes
  • introns
  • histones

3. What is a genome?

  • a base sequence that codes for an amino acid or functional RNA
  • full set of proteins a cell can produce
  • full set of genes in a cell
  • a sequence of 3 DNA bases

4. What does degenerate mean?

  • metaphase doesn't take place
  • non coding sections of DNA
  • amino acids are coded for by more than one codon
  • nearly all organisms have codons that code for the same amino acid

5. What does universal mean?

  • there are the same amount of homologous pairs in all organisms
  • nearly all organisms have codons that code for the same amino acids
  • codons can all code for all amino acids
  • amino acids are coded for by more than one codon

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