DNA replication key words

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1. What is a genome?

  • a sequence of 3 DNA bases
  • a base sequence that codes for an amino acid or functional RNA
  • full set of genes in a cell
  • full set of proteins a cell can produce
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2. What is proteome?

  • The full range of proteins a cell can produce
  • a version of a gene
  • The enzyme that attaches RNA molecules together
  • the full set of genes in a cell

3. What is a codon?

  • the full set of genes in a cell
  • a sequence of bases on mRNA that correspond to a specific amino acid or stop signal
  • the enzyme that attaches RNA molecules together
  • a fixed position on a DNA molecule that a gene occupies

4. What are the sequences within a gene that code for an amino acid>

  • exons
  • introns
  • histones
  • genomes

5. What does universal mean?

  • codons can all code for all amino acids
  • nearly all organisms have codons that code for the same amino acids
  • amino acids are coded for by more than one codon
  • there are the same amount of homologous pairs in all organisms

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