Divorce

What is the definition of divorce?
A legal ending of marriage
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Has the general number of divorces per 1000 of married women, increased or decreased since 1950?
Increased
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What did Chandler say about marriage in 2005?
That 40% of them result in divorce, and that 7 out of 10 divorce applications come from women.
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How has a Change in Law become a reason for divorce?
1923: Grounds for divorce between sexes were equalised. 1971: Grounds for divorce were widened and made easier to obtain (led to a doubling of the divorce rate almost overnight). 1949: Legal aid for divorce was introduced making one cheaper to have.
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How has a Declining stigma and changing attitudes become a reason for divorce?
In the past, more was socially disapproved. Mitchell and Goody noticed that the stigma of divorce had declined since the 60s, thus making couples become more willing to resort to divorce, meaning that divorces became more popular and was normalised.
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How has Secularisation become a reason for divorce?
Refers to the decline in influence of religion on society. Churches used to be the opposition of divorce, but today the influence of religion has little power. 2001 consensus: 34% of cohabiting couples have no religion, 34% Christian, 11% Hindu.
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How has the Rising expectations of marriage become a reason of divorce?
In the past people had little choice who they married, whereas today its seen as relationship that individuals seek to experience self fulfilment - and this encourages couples to drove if they cannot 'find it'.
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How has Womens' changing position in society become a reason for divorce?
Women today are more financially independent, meaning they have less reliance for a husband. Equal pay and anti discrimination laws help narrow the pay gap, help girls & women do better in school&work. Easier to get welfare benefits (can pay divorce)
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What was the proportion of women in paid work in 2005, compared to 1959?
2005: 70% 1959: 47%
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What factors have increased the number of divorces?
Changing position of women, Secularisation, Rising expectations of marriage, Changes in law, Declining stigma and changing attitudes.
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What are the feminist explanations of divorce?
Dual burden causes couples conflict. Marriage patriarchy is still present and husbands continue to benefit from triple shift.
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What did the feminist Sigle-Rushton say about divorce?
Mothers that have the dual burden are more likely to divorce than non-working women. And when both partner are in paid work- the divorce rate remains the same whether the man helps with housework or not.
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What does feminist Hoschchild say bout divorce?
Hoschchild says at work women feel valued but at home are still being treated unfairly.
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What does radical feminist Bernard suggest about marriage?
Women are more aware of oppression because most divorces are filed by women. That the rising divorce rate supports idea that society supports the oppression of women & shows womens' dissatisfaction within marriage.
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What does Beck and Giddens say to support the Postmodernist View of Divorce - Modernity and Individualisation?
In modern society traditional norms, such as remaining with the same partner forever, loses their old over individuals.
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What does Beck and Giddens idea about divorce lead to?
Leads to the Individualisation Thesis; each individual becoming free to pursue their own self-interest.
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What is though to happen if a relationship fails to deliver personal fulfilment?
It will weaken and seek what Middens calls the 'pure relationship' - one that exists solely to satisfy each others needs.
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Give an example of a way that Modern Society encourage individualisation?
Women are expected to work and pursue their own individual career ambitions - causing marital conflict.
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What identity do sociologists argue modernity encourages?
sociologists argue modernity encourages people to adopt a neoliberal, consumerist identity, based on the idea of freedom to follow ones own self interest.
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What does the New Right perspective say is the Meaning of high divorce rates?
Undermines the traditional nuclear family. Creates an underclass of welfare dependent female lone parents. Leaves young boys without a male role model.
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What do Feminists say is the Meaning of high divorce rates?
High divorce rates are desirable. Helps to liberate women. Women are breaking free of the oppression of patriarchal nuclear families
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What does the Personal Life perspective/ Interactionists say is the Meaning of high divorce rates?
Everybody has different experiences. Need to understand what divorce meanest each couple to be able to judge. Morgan ('96): you cannot generalise the meaning of high divorce rates
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What do Functionalists say is the Meaning of high divorce rates?
High divorce rates do not prove that marriage, as a social institution, is under threat. Show peoples high expectations. High remarriage rates show a commitment to marriage as a social institution.
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What do Postmodernists say is the Meaning of high divorce rates?
Gives people the freedom to 'chose their own path'. Creates greater family diversity.
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Card 2

Front

Has the general number of divorces per 1000 of married women, increased or decreased since 1950?

Back

Increased

Card 3

Front

What did Chandler say about marriage in 2005?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How has a Change in Law become a reason for divorce?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How has a Declining stigma and changing attitudes become a reason for divorce?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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