Dissolution of relationships

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Duck
Risk Factors, Lack of Skills (interpersonal), Lack of Stimulation (social exchange) & Maintenance difficulties (separation)
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Rohlfing
70% sampled students experienced at least one LDRR and 90% experienced at least one LDF
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Holt & Stone
Little decrease in relationship satisfaction as long as lovers are able to reunite regularly, suggests separation may not be a valid explanation for relationship breakdown
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Boekhout et al
Supports, people have affairs due to a perceived lack of skills and/or stimulation in current relationship, sexual reasons for infidelity=men, emotional reasons for infidelity=women
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Couples Coping Enhancement Training
Aims to improve social skills, communication and problem solving skills
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Cina et al
Compared 50 couples who received CCET to 50 couples who didn't, CCET group had a much higher marital quality after training, supporting the importance of social skills in maintaining a successful relationship
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Rollie & Duck
Phase Model, dissolution is a process not a one-time event. Breakdown, Intrapsychic, Dyadic, Social, Grave-dressing, Resurrection. (bored in dirty sex good riddance)
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Tashiro and Frazier
Supports, surveyed undergraduates recently experiencing a break up, emotional distress but also personal growth, clearer idea about future partners, last 2 phases put relationship to rest, get on with their lives
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Advantage of Rollie & Ducks Model
stresses the importance of communication in relationship breakdown, pays attention to things they say, the topics, ways they talk about relationship, both insight into stage of process AND suggests interventions appropriate
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Lee
process not a single event, questionnaires, personal experiences, dissolution of premarital, romantic relationships, 100+ students
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5 stages
Dissatisfaction, Exposure, Negotiation, Resolution, Termination (Dont Even Need Relationships Though), Stages E & N more intense/exhausting, but some D straight to T = less intimate with partners when relationships were satisfactory.
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Lee criticised because it is....
restricted to certain kinds of relationships (premarital), young participant base (students), may not be generalizable to marital break ups when more financially/socially invested.
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Models criticised because they are...
both more descriptive than clearly explaining why relationships breakdown, where as Duck's "precipitating factors" approach is more of an explanation
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Compare and Contrast
Lee = various processes when there is still hope that the relationship can be saved, Duck = processes after it is clear the relationship has ended. Neither explain WHY, focuses on sequence of events, combination = more adequate account of break-up
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General Evaluation
research on the dissolution of relationships raises ethical issues, confidentiality (personal issues), protection of participants from psychological harm (distress when revisiting issues), gender differences, women=unhappiness, men=sexual withholding
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Card 2

Front

70% sampled students experienced at least one LDRR and 90% experienced at least one LDF

Back

Rohlfing

Card 3

Front

Little decrease in relationship satisfaction as long as lovers are able to reunite regularly, suggests separation may not be a valid explanation for relationship breakdown

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Supports, people have affairs due to a perceived lack of skills and/or stimulation in current relationship, sexual reasons for infidelity=men, emotional reasons for infidelity=women

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Aims to improve social skills, communication and problem solving skills

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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