1. What method did Hodges and Tizard use in their study?
- They studied 65 children who had been placed in institutional care and hadn't had the chance to form close relationships with their caregivers. By the age of 4 some had returned to their birth mother (or had been adopted) whilst others stayed
- They studied 56 children who had been placed in institutional care and hadn't had a good upbringing. By the age of 4 some had been adopted but they had worse relationships than those who stayed in the institution
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2. What did Hodges and Tizard conclude?
- Children can recover from privation if they are in a good quality, loving environment
- Children cannot recover from privation if they are in a good quality, loving family
3. What year did Hodges and Tizard's study of institutionalised children start?
4. What were the results of Hodges and Tizard's study?
- The adopted group had strong relationships with their families, the others showed poorer family and peer relationships
- The adopted group had poor relationships with their families, the others showed detachment from all caregivers
5. What points can be used to evaluate Robertson and Robertson's study on John?
- His reaction may not have been due to the seperation, there was little control of variables and it would be difficult to replicate but has high ecological validity
- He may have been unhappy anyway, there was high control of variables but the study has low ecological validity
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