Disruption and Privation quiz

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1. What were the results of Robertson and Robertson's study on John?

  • He showed protest for the first 2 days, then he showed despair as he tried to gain attention from the nurses who were busy with other children so he gave up. Then John showed detachment as he was reluctant to give affection when his mother returned
  • He showed despair for 2 days, then protest as he tried to gain the nurses attention but then he showed detachment when reunited with his mother
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2. What were the results of Hodges and Tizard's study?

  • The adopted group had strong relationships with their families, the others showed poorer family and peer relationships
  • The adopted group had poor relationships with their families, the others showed detachment from all caregivers

3. What evaluation points can be used to critique Hodges and Tizard's study?

  • It has a high ecological validity but the sample was small so it is difficult to generalise the results
  • It has low ecological validity but the sample was large so the results can be generalized

4. What method did Hodges and Tizard use in their study?

  • They studied 65 children who had been placed in institutional care and hadn't had the chance to form close relationships with their caregivers. By the age of 4 some had returned to their birth mother (or had been adopted) whilst others stayed
  • They studied 56 children who had been placed in institutional care and hadn't had a good upbringing. By the age of 4 some had been adopted but they had worse relationships than those who stayed in the institution

5. What points can be used to evaluate Robertson and Robertson's study on John?

  • His reaction may not have been due to the seperation, there was little control of variables and it would be difficult to replicate but has high ecological validity
  • He may have been unhappy anyway, there was high control of variables but the study has low ecological validity

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