Disruption and Privation quiz

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1. What was Robertson and Robertson's conclusion?

  • The seperation had bad effects on John and possibly caused permenant damage to his relationship with his mother
  • The seperation had good effects on John as it prepared him for later life
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2. What were the results of Hodges and Tizard's study?

  • The adopted group had strong relationships with their families, the others showed poorer family and peer relationships
  • The adopted group had poor relationships with their families, the others showed detachment from all caregivers

3. What method did Hodges and Tizard use in their study?

  • They studied 65 children who had been placed in institutional care and hadn't had the chance to form close relationships with their caregivers. By the age of 4 some had returned to their birth mother (or had been adopted) whilst others stayed
  • They studied 56 children who had been placed in institutional care and hadn't had a good upbringing. By the age of 4 some had been adopted but they had worse relationships than those who stayed in the institution

4. What type of study was Hodges and Tizard's?

  • longitudinal
  • case

5. What evaluation points can be used to critique Hodges and Tizard's study?

  • It has a high ecological validity but the sample was small so it is difficult to generalise the results
  • It has low ecological validity but the sample was large so the results can be generalized

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