1. What was Robertson and Robertson's conclusion?
- The seperation had bad effects on John and possibly caused permenant damage to his relationship with his mother
- The seperation had good effects on John as it prepared him for later life
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2. What were the results of Hodges and Tizard's study?
- The adopted group had strong relationships with their families, the others showed poorer family and peer relationships
- The adopted group had poor relationships with their families, the others showed detachment from all caregivers
3. What method did Hodges and Tizard use in their study?
- They studied 65 children who had been placed in institutional care and hadn't had the chance to form close relationships with their caregivers. By the age of 4 some had returned to their birth mother (or had been adopted) whilst others stayed
- They studied 56 children who had been placed in institutional care and hadn't had a good upbringing. By the age of 4 some had been adopted but they had worse relationships than those who stayed in the institution
4. What type of study was Hodges and Tizard's?
5. What evaluation points can be used to critique Hodges and Tizard's study?
- It has a high ecological validity but the sample was small so it is difficult to generalise the results
- It has low ecological validity but the sample was large so the results can be generalized