Discourse Analysis

  • Created by: kyotomani
  • Created on: 03-06-18 12:41
What do we need to understand genre
Communicative event, communicative purpose (what speakers and hearers want from the situation), discourse community (a group of people with an agreed set of aims), structure and convention (the constraints that lead to their choice) register
1 of 24
What is genre within discourse
A set of texts that all share the same socially recognised purpose. It is almost like a template
2 of 24
How do we break down linguistic analysis
Phonology, lexico-grammar and discourse analysis
3 of 24
What is descriptive discourse analysis
A form of analysis that looks at the lexical/grammatical choices, and the social situation in which the text was produced
4 of 24
What is meant by register
register is one of the many styles of varieties of language. It is determined by a variety of factors, including social occasion, context, purpose, and audience. Register is also sometimes referred to as stylistic variation.
5 of 24
Define the terms field, tenor and mode
Field - Whats going on in the situation, tenor - who is involved and their relationships, mode - what role is being played by language in the situation
6 of 24
What is naturalisation
When ideologies become common sense beliefs
7 of 24
What is hegemony
Ideologies that are culturally dominant
8 of 24
What is recontextualisation
When discourse that is associated with one context is grouped into another. E.g. calling students/pupils clients as nowadays they pay more money to be there
9 of 24
What is the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
Your understanding of the world will always be relative to or determined by the language you have to refer to it. Language has the ability to change our perception of the world around us.
10 of 24
What is an example of an anti language
Polari - a secret language developed in the 1970s between gay men so they could communicate
11 of 24
What is relexicalisation
Relexicalisation combats previously imbued ideologies that can be damaging. For example firefighter and police officer instead of gender specific job terms
12 of 24
Define Time bound and Space bound
Time - Both usually in the same place, listening in real time. Space - More permanent, you can read the same text again and again
13 of 24
Define Spontaneous and contrived
Spontaneous - No time lag between production and reception, Contrived - Always a time lag, author can revise the text. Must anticipate problems it could cause
14 of 24
Define Face to face and visually decontextualised
F2F - Contracted forms, informal speech, obscenity and slang. Visually decontextualised - Lack of visual context so writers must avoid expressions that cause ambiguity
15 of 24
Define loosely structured and elaborately structured
Loosely structured - Not always for passing on info, suited to small talk. Factually comm - Suted to communicating ideas, and for learning. Can read at your own pace.
16 of 24
Define immediately revisable and repeatedly revisable
IR - Opportunity to rethink what you are going to see however it has still been heard once said. RR - Can eliminate mistakes through drafts and proof reading
17 of 24
Define prosodically rich and graphically rich
PR - sounds such as intonation, loudness can enrich speech to convey emotion. GR - unique features such as line spacing, capitalising, spatial organisation
18 of 24
Why is media interesting to linguists
Readily accessible, tells us about social meanings and stereotypes, reflects on culture/politics, challenge inequality to achieve social change
19 of 24
What does the media have the ability to do
Mind control, mass media influence, naturalise dominant ideologies, organise social groups into ideologies
20 of 24
What factors affect what the news broadcasts
Frequency, threshold, unambiguity, reference to elite people/nations, negativity, meaningfulness, continuity
21 of 24
What things allow us to critically analyse discourse
Text (how text has been produced), discourse practice (How text has been produced, all the steps it took), social practice (social/cultural values)
22 of 24
Transitivity and choice
The relationships between the different participants play within a sentence
23 of 24
What are some features of media discourse
Content focus, naming/verbs, pronounces and determiners, metaphor, hyperbole, active vs passive voice, reporting of speech, modal verbs
24 of 24

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is genre within discourse

Back

A set of texts that all share the same socially recognised purpose. It is almost like a template

Card 3

Front

How do we break down linguistic analysis

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is descriptive discourse analysis

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is meant by register

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all Discourse analysis resources »