Discourse Analysis

  • Created by: kyotomani
  • Created on: 03-06-18 12:41
What do we need to understand genre
Communicative event, communicative purpose (what speakers and hearers want from the situation), discourse community (a group of people with an agreed set of aims), structure and convention (the constraints that lead to their choice) register
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What is genre within discourse
A set of texts that all share the same socially recognised purpose. It is almost like a template
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How do we break down linguistic analysis
Phonology, lexico-grammar and discourse analysis
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What is descriptive discourse analysis
A form of analysis that looks at the lexical/grammatical choices, and the social situation in which the text was produced
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What is meant by register
register is one of the many styles of varieties of language. It is determined by a variety of factors, including social occasion, context, purpose, and audience. Register is also sometimes referred to as stylistic variation.
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Define the terms field, tenor and mode
Field - Whats going on in the situation, tenor - who is involved and their relationships, mode - what role is being played by language in the situation
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What is naturalisation
When ideologies become common sense beliefs
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What is hegemony
Ideologies that are culturally dominant
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What is recontextualisation
When discourse that is associated with one context is grouped into another. E.g. calling students/pupils clients as nowadays they pay more money to be there
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What is the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
Your understanding of the world will always be relative to or determined by the language you have to refer to it. Language has the ability to change our perception of the world around us.
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What is an example of an anti language
Polari - a secret language developed in the 1970s between gay men so they could communicate
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What is relexicalisation
Relexicalisation combats previously imbued ideologies that can be damaging. For example firefighter and police officer instead of gender specific job terms
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Define Time bound and Space bound
Time - Both usually in the same place, listening in real time. Space - More permanent, you can read the same text again and again
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Define Spontaneous and contrived
Spontaneous - No time lag between production and reception, Contrived - Always a time lag, author can revise the text. Must anticipate problems it could cause
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Define Face to face and visually decontextualised
F2F - Contracted forms, informal speech, obscenity and slang. Visually decontextualised - Lack of visual context so writers must avoid expressions that cause ambiguity
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Define loosely structured and elaborately structured
Loosely structured - Not always for passing on info, suited to small talk. Factually comm - Suted to communicating ideas, and for learning. Can read at your own pace.
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Define immediately revisable and repeatedly revisable
IR - Opportunity to rethink what you are going to see however it has still been heard once said. RR - Can eliminate mistakes through drafts and proof reading
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Define prosodically rich and graphically rich
PR - sounds such as intonation, loudness can enrich speech to convey emotion. GR - unique features such as line spacing, capitalising, spatial organisation
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Why is media interesting to linguists
Readily accessible, tells us about social meanings and stereotypes, reflects on culture/politics, challenge inequality to achieve social change
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What does the media have the ability to do
Mind control, mass media influence, naturalise dominant ideologies, organise social groups into ideologies
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What factors affect what the news broadcasts
Frequency, threshold, unambiguity, reference to elite people/nations, negativity, meaningfulness, continuity
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What things allow us to critically analyse discourse
Text (how text has been produced), discourse practice (How text has been produced, all the steps it took), social practice (social/cultural values)
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Transitivity and choice
The relationships between the different participants play within a sentence
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What are some features of media discourse
Content focus, naming/verbs, pronounces and determiners, metaphor, hyperbole, active vs passive voice, reporting of speech, modal verbs
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What is genre within discourse


A set of texts that all share the same socially recognised purpose. It is almost like a template

Card 3


How do we break down linguistic analysis


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What is descriptive discourse analysis


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What is meant by register


Preview of the front of card 5
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