Other questions in this quiz

2. What is dualism?

  • EU law has to be translated into national law
  • EU law takes effect straight away
  • Incorporation of law requires two channels of communication
  • National law takes priority over international law

3. Did there used to be any ways for individuals to get access to international courts?

  • Yes, certain circumstances in the EU
  • Yes, the ECHR in all circumstances
  • Yes, the ECHR gave individuals the opportunity to go to international court
  • No

4. What is horizontal direct effect with treaties?

  • State vs EU
  • Individual vs Individual
  • State vs State
  • Individual vs State

5. When can estoppel be used?

  • After the directive becomes fully binding
  • Whenever
  • only in certain circumstances
  • when the CJEU allow it


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