Other questions in this quiz

2. What is another case example of direct effect working?

  • Ratti
  • Marshall
  • Dafrenne v SABENA
  • Van Duyn v Home Office

3. Can directives be horizontally directly applicable?

  • In the future, maybe
  • No, but this creates an anomaly
  • No, it makes better sense to not let them
  • Yes

4. What is the test for direct effect?

  • Clear & unambiguous, unconditional, not dependent on further action
  • Does this apply to individuals?
  • Well written, certain, independent
  • Clear, conditional, needs further actions

5. What are the problems concerned with secondary legislation?

  • There aren't any
  • Addressed to MS, often contain gaps, rely on national order to implement
  • Addressed to individual, often unconditional, don't rely on national order
  • Unclear, conditional and rely on national order to implement them


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