1. Why did the CJEU make this exception for directives?
- Because it made sense in that case
- To make them easier to use
- To not compromise their effet utile
- To **** off MS
1 of 20
Other questions in this quiz
2. What is another case example of direct effect working?
- Dafrenne v SABENA
- Van Duyn v Home Office
3. Can directives be horizontally directly applicable?
- In the future, maybe
- No, but this creates an anomaly
- No, it makes better sense to not let them
4. What is the test for direct effect?
- Clear & unambiguous, unconditional, not dependent on further action
- Does this apply to individuals?
- Well written, certain, independent
- Clear, conditional, needs further actions
5. What are the problems concerned with secondary legislation?
- There aren't any
- Addressed to MS, often contain gaps, rely on national order to implement
- Addressed to individual, often unconditional, don't rely on national order
- Unclear, conditional and rely on national order to implement them