Digestive System

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What are enzymes in your body for?
To speed up digestion.
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What do Amylase Enzymes break down?
Starch Molecules
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What do Protease Enzymes break down?
Protein Molecules
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What do Lipase Enzymes break down?
Fat Molecules
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What is a Protein Molecule made up of?
Many Amino Acids
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What is a Starch Molecule made up of?
Many Glucose Molecules
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What is a Fat Molecule made up of?
Fatty Acids and Glycerol Molecules
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What is Digestion?
The breaking down of the large insoluble food molecules into small soluble molecules so that they can be absorbed into the bloodstream
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Where is the digested food absorbed into the blood?
Small Intestine
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Where does digestion start?
Mouth
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What does the stomach do?
The muscular walls churn up the food and mix it with Gastric Juices that the stomach produces
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What does the Large Intestine do?
Removes all excess water and salts from the food
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What does the Liver do?
Produces Bile which neutralises stomach acid so that the enzymes in the small intestine can work properly.
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What does the Pancreas produce?
Carbohydrate, Protease and Lipase Enzymes
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What is the mixture called when the food gets mixed with the mucus in the stomach?
Chyme
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What do Amylase Enzymes break down?

Back

Starch Molecules

Card 3

Front

What do Protease Enzymes break down?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do Lipase Enzymes break down?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a Protein Molecule made up of?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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