Different Types of Socialism

  • Created by: AshyBoy
  • Created on: 14-08-18 09:32
REVOLUTIONARY SOCIALISM (KARL MARX, ROSA LUXEMBOURG)
blah
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The existing capitalist system must be ___
overthrown
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This is closely linked to Marxism. What is Marxism?
Marxism - The belief in the inevitability of a revolution by the proletariat. Established in the 19th century by Karl Marx.
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The state cannot be reformed so it must be ___
smashed
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Revolution -> Dictatorship of the ___ -> ___ of wealth -> End of class ___ -> Absolute equality
proletariat - redistribution - division
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What is a notable commmunist revolution and why are most socialists disappointed by it?
The Russian Revolution of 1917 (Similar to China and Cuba). But there regimes were very authoritarian, capitalism was replaced with an inefficient collectivised economy and civil rights were not respected.
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When was the collapse of Communism in the USSR?
1989/90
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SOCIAL DEMOCRACY (BEATRICE WEBB, ANTHONY CROSLAND)
blah
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Wishes to ___ capitalism in order to create social ___.
humanise - justice
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What are they often refered to as?
Revisionists or Reformists.
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What is Revisionism?
It means re-examining and changing earlier theories (e.g. re-interpreting Marx for modern times)
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What do they prefer over revolution?
'Gradual and peaceful change'.
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In "Evolutionary Socialism" what did Bernstein argue?
That the worker's conditions have improved, Marx was wrong - democracy is the best way to achieve socialism.
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What is their view on Capitalism?
They have accepted it but they believe that it must be controlled and regulated in order to maintain equality. (e.g.creating a welfare state, or a re-distributive tax system.)
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What is 'Gradualism'?
Parliamentary Socialism. UK Labour Party. In contrast to revolutionary socialists, they see the state, not as a tool of the capitalsit class, but as a neutral body which can be moulded to achieve socialist aims.
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What is their view on the economy?
Accepted capitalism as a way of creating large amounts of wealth. Therefore they favour a 'mixed economy' (private and nationalised). J.M. Keynes argued for state intervention to stimulate the economy.
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THIRD WAY (ANTHONY GIDDENS)
blah
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What is the Third Way seen as in comparison to the the other two ideologies?
As a middle ground between socialism and capitalism.
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Who is this type of socialism most associated to?
Tony Blair and his New Labour party. (Abandoned Old Labour traditional policies to appeal to more voters)
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This is arguably a strand of ___ ___ not of Socialism.
Modern Liberalism
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What were their views on the economy?
They embraced free market capitalism; limit on welfare (to avoid 'dependency'). Reform the public sector and focus in wealth creation rather than wealth redistribution. Blair realised Labour needed to appeal middle classes as well as working classes.
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The focus is not on individualism but is ___.
'communiatian' = focusing on communities and citizenship.
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Whose ideology did Blair reject?
Keynesianism and high tx/spend, but wanted to reduce poverty and improve social inclusion.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The existing capitalist system must be ___

Back

overthrown

Card 3

Front

This is closely linked to Marxism. What is Marxism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The state cannot be reformed so it must be ___

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Revolution -> Dictatorship of the ___ -> ___ of wealth -> End of class ___ -> Absolute equality

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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